Signed in as:
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - A bill sitting on Gov. Phil Murphy's desk since May 1, which would set new and stricter limits on two "forever chemicals," doubles as another reminder that Newark's water crisis is not just about lead and not just about Newark.
The bill is a New Jersey Department of Environmental directive that would set respective threshold limits on PFOA and PFOS from public water utilities and private wells to 13 and 14 parts per trillion.
The regulation would far undercut the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's 70 ppt limit and make the DEP the leader in getting the PFOS family of fluoropolymer chemicals out of drinking water.
PFOS are chemicals designed to resist moisture and/or heat. PFOA - Perfluorooctanoic Acid - was invented by a DuPont division as Teflon nonstick cookware coating. PFOS - Perfluorooctanesulfonic Acid - was a waterproofing component in 3M's Scotchguard, among related products.
Although both PFOA and PFOS have been phased out of manufacture, the PFOS chemicals have leached into 70 percent of the nation's water table. The substances, who are linked to cancer, has been detected in 517 water systems serving 1.9 million of New Jersey's 8.82 million residents.
The Newark Water Supply's latest level of PFOS contamination was not immediately available. Newark Water sells some of its Pequannock and Wanaque supply to Belleville plus parts of Bloomfield, Nutley, Pequannock and Hillside.
Newark's $137 million, up to 30-month accelerated Lead Service Line Replacement Program has taken center stage. NWS, like other water providers, receives DEP sample test results for lead, PFOS, copper, organic and inorganic contamination every six months.
An Environmental Working Group November 2019 release of 2015-19 statewide water test results detected parts per trillion levels of the PFOS family.
New Jersey American Water's Short Hills source was found to have 33.1 ppt of PFOA and PFOS last year. NJAW-Short Hills, in Millburn, supplies Irvington, Maplewood and South Orange among its 217,230 overall customers.
The Orange Water Department, which serves 30,134 of its city customers, last registered 44 ppt of PFOA in 2015. OWD, which is managed by Suez, draws from wells within Millburn's part of South Orange Reservation.
South Orange's Water Department was tested for a combined 127 ppt of PFOA and PFOS in 2018. The village had switched its supply for 16,964 customers from the East Orange Water Commission to NJAW-Short Hills Jan. 1, 2017.
The Montclair Water Department, serving 37,669 customers last scored 595. ppt of PFOA in 2015. MWD draws water from a combination of the North Jersey Water Commission District-Wanaque, the Passaic Valley Water Commission and its own wells.
Nutley's own Municipal Building well, tallied an overall 37.8 ppt of PFOA and PFOS last year.
"What the DEP has done is important - they should be sharing this news proudly instead of adopting this quietly," said New Jersey Sierra Club Director Jeff Tittel April 7. "New Jersey has the fourth highest level of these forever chemicals in the nation. These standards will be easily implemented by water purveyors."
The new DEP standard has existed as a directive since last year to water providers and chemical companies. It had been signed by Environmental Commissioner Catherine McCabe and had been rerouted by Murphy (D-Rumson) for vetting by the state Office of Administrative Law March 31 - a day before the directive would have expired.
It is believed that the bill, when signed by Murphy and published in the state record, will be at least partially funded from PFOS polluters. The DEP has identified four companies - DuPont-Chemours, 3M, Dow and Solvay - to sue or otherwise foot the water and soil contamination.
The question of the prospective PFOA/PFOS limit bill, however, is not if - but when - it will become effective.
First, it has taken 14 years for the new standards to reach the Governor's desk. It was first proposed in 2006 - early in the administration of Jon S. Corzine.
Second, its implementation may be delayed in the courts. There may be chemical companies who may challenge the stricter than EPA's standards.
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - Newark Water Coalition co-founder Anthony Diaz had some mixed news for those who have been getting free bottled water from their two regular city locations here April 1.
Diaz, answering a question from "Local Talk" Tuesday night, said that they are getting a shipment of bottled water cases or pallets "soon." That is no small feat, given the panic buying that hit regional supermarkets March 12-15 and the resulting item restrictions.
The NWC leader, however, is still working out where and how to distribute the bottles of water.
The grassroots group, like most other organizations, have been learning how to navigate the "Interim New Normal" which was ushered by the COVID-19 Novel Coronavirus and the government's mandated restrictions.
All of this is going on with Newark Water Supply employees and their contractors continuing the Lead Service Line Replacement Program in the background.
Newark City Hall officials, last week, announced that they have passed the halfway point in what they still target as a 24-to-30-month citywide replacement period of 18,000-plus LSLs.
The coalition had been concurrently distributing bottled water and filters on Saturdays from St' Lucy's Church in the Old First Ward and St. Stephen's Church at The Ironbound's Five Points. Their clients are those who are unable to meet Newark Health Department's qualifications for the city's bottled water and/or are distrustful of how City Hall and the N.J. Department of Environmental Protection have handled the lead-in-water remediation.
The COVID-19 crisis, however, unintentionally affected NWC's distribution.
There are those who have read, seen, witnessed or were in the midst of the heavy run on certain supplies and food staples in supermarkets March 12-17. Panicked shoppers flooded the grocery stores, buying items from milk and bread to toilet paper and hand sanitizers until those selves were bare.
The supermarkets, including ShopRite and Stop & Shop, has had to restrict purchase of the high demand items to two to four per customer visit - including bottled water.
Diaz, in a March 25 virtual conversation with Green Party U.S. Senate candidate Madelyn Hoffman, said that the coalition had been unable to purchase bulk quantities of bottled water because of the hoarding and item limits.
The NWC is also figuring out whether it would be better to have their clients come to them - or have them come to the clients.
The coalition may have to adopt the crowd limits and social distancing rules that came with the tide of federal, state and city restrictions set March 12-31. St. Lucy's and/or St. Stephen's or wherever NWC would hand out bottles may have to post "No More Than X People in Building," signs, mark out six-foot line space intervals inside and outside, limit the number of volunteers inside and frequently clean touch points.
NWC is also weighing the door-to-door delivery model, much like what the delivery services have employed.
The coalition in the meantime, has supported moratoriums on rent and mortgage payments plus keeping under-renewal SNAP food stamps clients from being cut off.
Their Facebook page lists several public and private outlets for available food and rental assistance. One post dated March 20 that Newark, Irvington, East Orange and Orange police will give first-time regional lockdown violators "summons first $30 to $200 fine. The second ticket is an obstruction of law."
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - About 50 people who attended a status on Newark's Water Crisis here at NJIT's Student Center Atrium March 9 - and left with a bumper crop of takeaways about two hours later.
NJIT scientist-professor Ryan Stack moderated an otherwise all-female panel on Newark Water Crisis: A Conversation with Women About Race, Equity and Environmental Justice.
Kristi Pullen Fedinick, Yvette Jordan, Sabre Bee and Shakima K. Thomas - either in person or on live remote feed - discussed their involvement with Newark's 18 months-plus effort to bring down the lead content in water infrastructure. All four are also linked by being women of color and of being mothers of children of various ages.
Pullen Fedinick is a scientific researcher for the natural Resources Defense Council. She was conversing from her Washington, DC home due to an illness. (She did not say what it was - but it was not the COVID-19 Novel Coronavirus that has reached WHO-declared pandemic level March 11.)
Jordan is a Newark Public Schools teacher and a founding member of the Newark Education Workers Caucus. She is also a plaintiff in NEWCaucus and NRDC's civil suit against the City of Newark and the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
One may have seen Bee in Newark Water Coalition bottled water distributions and demonstrations. Bee is an NWC founding member.
Thomas is an Essex County social worker who has also lent her time and talent to NWC.
Pullen Fedinick set a "Think Global, Act Local" tone with her Powerpoint slide-provided statistics. She showed several charts, compiled in 2015, of the Continental US, Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico of lead content in water supplies down to the county level.
The first chart showed that Puerto Rico and every state except Hawaii has at least one county whose water supply exceeded the US EPA Lead and Copper Rule of 15 ppb. The readings affect 129,907,275 users - or 40 percent of the US population - who draw their water from 8,000 water suppliers.
Pullen Fedinick's three subsequent charts showed how she had connected the severity of water supply infrastructure to communities of color. She was demonstrating how lower quality standards and less rigorous maintenance and enforcement have led to the said communities poor water condition.
The linkage between Pullen Fedinick's statistics and the in-person activist trio lies in how the data is presented to both affected communities and communities at large.
"One of the things we have to do is to show that science is approachable," said Pullen Fedinick. "Science is something in our daily lives and not something beyond the reach of black or brown people. We also have to address the environmental racism that has led to the present state."
"There are two attitudes that I get from my students - complacency and resignation," said Jordan. "They see the Lead Service Replacement Program going on and say, 'See, things are getting done.' The other attitude is, 'I already have lead in my blood,' as if it is another condition to accept."
"Our children need to know that their lives have value, regardless of what others say," added Thomas. "They have to see that they can change things by getting information, networking with each other and taking action."
"This was why protesting at the MTV Video Music Awards last August was so important," said Bee. "The visitors were being told, 'The water's fine,' as if the water going to the Prudential Center is different from what we get in the neighborhoods. We and some 300 people from groups across the state showed that there's a water crisis here."
The various takeaways Monday night included:
· Asking contractors to test the water before and after their lead line replacement - and for greater transparency on where they partially or fully replace the lines.
· Realize that Newark Public Schools and the Newark Water Supply were held to different standards when the former discovered excessive lead in their lines in 2016.
· Call for a comprehensive lead abatement program. That program includes removing lead paint and lead content in some toys.
· That the fight for clean water is only the beginning. Community Activists Donna Jackson and Munirah Bomani, as floor speakers, reminded the gathering that NWS - and other water supplies - are subjected to other cancer-causing substances.
· Keep people informed and have groups support each other.
· Consider additional legal action. Stack, in his introduction, said that neither he nor the panel were there to address the NEWCaucus-NWC federal suit against the city and DEP. Bomani, citing the Supreme Court's decision to allow Flint residents to sue their government, called Newark citizens to think about filling "a mass tort claim against the city."
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - A federal jury's Feb. 24 conviction of a former Newark police officer-turned Newark Watershed Conservation and Development Corporation security vendor, barring any appeals, closes a chapter on "The Watershed Nine."
The jury, after 10 days' testimony and two hours' deliberation, found Janell Robinson, 43, guilty of two counts of mail fraud, one count of conspiracy to commit extortion affecting interstate commerce and one count of conspiracy to defraud the NWCDC by mail and wire transmissions.
Robinson, who is slated for sentencing here June 8 before US District Judge Susan D. Wigenton, is now facing up to 20 years in a federal prison for each count and up to $250,000 in fines.
Robinson is the last of "The Watershed Nine" to have pleaded guilty or been found guilty of false invoices, no-show jobs and contract kickbacks. The nine includes Linda Watkins Brashear, of West Orange, who was NWCDC Executive Director when the corruption occurred during the early 2010s.
The cases of mismanagement and abuse of taxpayer funds led to the 40-year-old public corporation to dissolve March 25, 2013. Its assets, including 35,000 acres of reservoirs and forest in Passaic, Morris and Sussex counties, were turned over to the Newark Division of Water and Sewer Utilities.
The NWCDC also entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy liquidation Jan. 2, 2015.
There are some observers who believe that the mismanagement distracted watershed officials and technicians' attention to fully minding the water quality coming out from the Newark Water System's Pequannock Reservoir. The EPA would alert NWS in 2017 that the sodium silicate anti-corrosive they added to the water, after 20 years, had become ineffective, leading to the Lead Service Lines' readings to rise above 15 parts per billion.
Robinson was accused of forming her own Protected and Secured Services, LLC in April 2010 to provide security consulting services to its sole client - NWCDC. Robinson, said federal prosecutors, then submitted $289,000 worth of false or inflated P&S invoices to Brashear into May 2013.
Both the feds and Brashear, in the latter's Feb. 13 testimony against Robinson, said that the watershed director received $50,000 in kickbacks.
Robinson, said Brashear, would put up to $3,000 cash in an envelope and handed it to her while both were by Newark Police Headquarters on Green Street.
The prosecution further asserted that the watershed was paying from $5,000 and up to $20,000 a month to P&S for marginal service. They showed records where a part-time employee spent 16 hours a week patrolling NWCDC property for vandalism and/or illegal dumping.
Robinson's attorney, Carlos Martir, said her client had supported her invoices with work accomplished. Martir countered that the NWCDC Board of Directors had allowed Brashear to run the company with impunity.
Brashear, for the record, came from a federal prison camp to testify against her former friend. She is serving a 102-month term since Sept. 21, 2017 after pleading guilty in 2015 of conspiracy and filing false tax returns.
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - The Newark Peoples Assembly's current "Water and Lead Service Line Replacement Updates Community Information Sessions," going by what "Local Talk News" saw at their Jan. 26 Central Ward stop, will provide attendees with comprehensive information on the water filter and LSLRP projects.
Six city and NJDEP officials, headed by acting Newark Water and Sewer Utilities Director Kareem Adeem, more than announced the lead service lines' replacement tally - which had reached 5,798 that Monday - before an audience of 35 here at the Humanity Baptist Church.
The material presented by Adeem, the officials and, in cameo appearances, Mayor Ras Baraka and Central Ward Councilwoman LaMonica R. McIver, was a blend of the familiar and the new. Some of that new information, at least to "Local Talk," included the LSLRP appointment, replacement and post-replacement testing procedures.
Monday's stop at 235 Bergen St. was the second of five through Feb. 4. It kicked off Jan. 23 at 400 Hawthorne Ave. - the National Action Network Tech World/ex-Boys and Girls Club House - in the South Ward.
The update series was also scheduled Jan. 28 in the North Ward's Casa Do Minho Social Club and Jan. 29 at the West Ward's Family Manor Restaurant.
The water status sessions are the latest rounds of NPA's information and feedback meetings, town halls and conferences. The assemblies, which began in December 2018, are to provide a more direct information conduit between City Hall and its community constituents.
Adeem started the information process by stating that the LSLRP is nearing 6,000 lead lines replaced between Newark Water Supply mains and customers buildings since September 2018. That work is being done by seven contractors, including Montana Construction and Roman E&G, with another seven contracts pending Municipal Council approval.
"We're at a pace where we're replacing 95 LSLs daily," added Adeem. "We started with a $75 million program with 10 phases being done on an eight-year timeline. With (Aug. 25's) $120 million influx from the Essex County Improvement Authority, we're able to hire more contractors and subcontractors and have the timeline down to 24 to 30 months."
Passing the one-third replacement milestone, based on 18,070 LSLs identified, may have happened when you read this. That pace, should this so-far mild winter hold up, may further speed up the LSLRP's completion.
"Our crews are out there; 100 degrees in the Sun, 10-below, in the rain, in the snow, day-in and day-out," said Adeem. "If the weather keeps being mild, we may replace all lead lines in the city sooner."
A warmer than usual winter means easier excavation work for the crews and, hopefully, an earlier opening date for local asphalt and concrete plants. Those plants tend to open on or around April 7.
"You don't want to pour concrete sidewalks in the winter; the concrete cracks, breaks up and you'll have to do it over," said Adeem. "Same thing with asphalt; we patch for now and schedule repaving and/or re-milling for when its warmer. We're coordinating with PSE&G so we don't have to repave again."
Adeem then showed a seven-minute video of a lead service line being replaced with a copper line. That replacement begins with opening either a full trench, from the main to the building edge, or a partial trench, from either the main to the curb line or curb line to building. Whether a property gets a full or partial replacement depends on where the LSL is found and its length.
Lead lines are removed, and new copper lines are installed through a pneumatic bumper process. A compressed air-powered bullet-shaped bumper pushes the old line out and pushes in the new line.
"Here's where we get the rumor that were installing new copper lines within the lead lines," said Adeem. "We are removing the lead lines city wide, regardless of ward or what (water) system you use. It's been determined that LSL replacement is the best long-term solution."
Adeem then holds a new copper line section with an actual lead line end-to-end. Their diameters are so close that telescoping the copper into the lead line is impractical.
Adeem explained that the block-by-block LSLRP is being done to a desired appointment schedule.
Those who have signed up for the free replacement will be the first to be contacted - either by phone, e-mail, door hanger and/or official notice. The city and its contractors start calling two weeks ahead of the scheduled replacement.
The owner who responds will set up a pre-replacement inspection of his or her property. That inspection is preferably done a day or two before the work crews start digging.
Adeem then exhibited the by-address data base hat owners and tenants can access through www.newarkleadserviceline.com. That data base includes a map graphic of the inquirer's address and whether an earlier canvassing found it to have an LSL or not. The owner can also click on and fill out a contractor property access permission form.
Several audience members took up Adeem's offer to access their address. At least one person was from the West Ward and a second from the North Ward; both came to the meeting to learn when the contractors will get to their neighborhoods.
Adeem and his staff present at HBC also set up paper chart maps of the Central and South Wards. The charts were color coded to show which addresses were done, which ones have work ahead and which ones had copper lines.
Adeem and his staff on hand Monday explained that the introduction of orthophosphate into NWS-Pequannock and the free distribution of water faucet and pitcher filters are also helping to lower Newark's average lead-in-water content.
"Since orthophosphate has been added in May, we've had a 74 percent reduction of our parts per billion content readings," said Adeem. "We've gone down steadily the last six months from 58 ppb to, our latest test results, 33 ppb. We're on track to go below the federal 15 ppb actionable threshold within the next six months or test cycle."
Adeem later stepped aside to allow two of his staff demonstrate how to install and use the respective faucet and pitcher filters.
Several questioners in the audience response segment asked why NWS users would still get 15ppb-plus readings after their lead lines were replaced.
Adeem and company initially explained that "it takes time" for any displaced lead to be flushed out of the system and for the orthophosphate to coat the new lines. They added that it is possible that pre -1956 or -1986 fixtures in customers plumbing may also account for the 15ppb-plus readings. (Newark and the federal government respectively banned LSL installation in 1956 and '86.)
The time-taking and possible lead fixture presence are reasons for NWS customers to take two post-LSLRP steps. The first is to continue using the faucet or pitcher filters for at least the next six months.
The second step is to schedule a water quality test with Newark Water and Sewer at least two weeks after their LSLRP is done.
Baraka, at this point, stepped in to clarify a point.
"Some homeowners are going to outside testing companies who may not be following the federal and state procedures we're following with our tests," said the mayor. "What we're doing is based on scientific data, not being set arbitrarily."
The last NPA update is set for 6 p.m. Feb. 4 at the North Ward's Third Presbyterian Church, 395 Ridge St. Anticipate for staying for most of the 6-8 p.m. session.
By Walter Elliott
BELLEVILLE - Registered township residents, with the help from Newark Mayor Ras Baraka and RWJ Barnabas Clara Maass Medical Center CEO Mary Ellen Clyne, have been getting the first batch of PUR filtered water pitchers here since Jan. 17.
Belleville Mayor Michael Melham, in a Belleville Police Headquarters training room press conference that Friday morning, personally thanked Baraka and Clyne for directly or indirectly giving the township $70,000 towards purchasing 1,350 PUR "starter kits." Those kits include the filter pitcher and two replacement filter cartridges.
The first 10 Belleville residents who had registered on FiltersforBelleville.org and met four qualifying criteria, indeed, were lining up in the headquarters’ third floor hallway while the conference unwound around Noon. They were called by the township's health department that the first 750 filters have arrived earlier that week.
"I have spent months trying to get attention and filters," said Melham before 25 residents and media members. "There are state and some county officials who say their doors are open but, when it came time for help, said they couldn't help us."
Melham's frustration resulted in posting a digital bulletin board along Route 21 Sept. 25. The billboard, which launched FiltersforBelleville.org, decried NJDEP allowing Newark to spend $1 million on an education program "PR campaign" while his 30,000 residents needed free water filters.
"The state told me that they weren't in the free filter business," said Melham. "All the attention was on Newark while I was in the shadow. Belleville drinks the same water as Newark does."
Melham explained that Belleville, while owning 95 percent of its water infrastructure, receives all its water from Newark Water Supply's Pequannock System. The remainder, serving 50 customers in Belleville's Silver Lake panhandle, is directly owned, served and billed by Newark Water and Sewer Utilities.
NWS-Pequannock - which also provides water to 300,000 daily customers to the majority of Newark and parts of Bloomfield, Nutley and Hillside - has been at the center of that city's water crisis the last 18 months.
Newark, with the help of the State of New Jersey's $13 million in aid and a $120 million Essex County loan, have been conducting a Lead Service Line Replacement Program. Some 18,000-plus LSLs throughout the city, where more than 15 parts per billion per liter readings kept cropping up since 2017, are to be replaced in 24-30 months, between September 2021 and January 2022.
New Jersey's largest city has meanwhile built and, on May 9, opened a new treatment plant in Montclair that adds orthophosphate to NWS-Pequannock. The orthophosphate is to line the inner diameter of the new service lines that will hopefully bring lead content readings below 15 ppb on average around July.
Newark has been phasing out its free filter and bottled water distribution while the orthophosphate kicks in. The city bought and distributed 38,000 PUR filter pitchers and, predominantly, faucet filters in October 2018.
What finally turned the corner for Melham and Belleville were a couple of phone calls last month. The first was to Baraka for a meeting at Newark City Hall.
"I told him (Baraka) our situation and he said, 'Let me get back to you by day's end,'" recalled Melham. "He called me back in 30 minutes, telling me that he found a $50,000 grant from the United Way of Essex County and West Hudson. I went to City Hall to finalize things."
"We're just grateful to help," said Baraka. "Because we get attention, we also get resources. Some of the resources from the private sector, some of the grants we've accumulated, we decided to help Belleville out of its situation, based on the mayor (Melham)'s plea."
Most of that $50,000 would go towards buying 1,350 starter kits. They would go to Belleville residents who met four criteria: They are senior citizens, parents of children under six years old, pregnant and/or nursing mothers. Some 3,000 Belleville residents, or 900 households, had signed up for filters by Jan. 1.
The bulk of those 1,350 filters are PUR pitchers instead of the faucet filters - something that Melham said was a lesson learned from watching Newark's experiences.
"The first problem with the faucet filters is its installation," said Melham. "My mother had problems putting it on and I'm sure Mayor Baraka's mother had problems, too. There are compatibility issues, people running hot water through the filters and not reading that replacement red light."
The pitchers, added Belleville's mayor, have a led content readout display.
NWS's Silver Lake customers have a major exception. They are getting faucet or pitcher filters directly from Newark.
Then Melham called Clara Maass' Clyne, who supplied the other $20,000.
"I told Mary Ellen, 'I hate to call you about this, but--,' " said the mayor. "She never hesitates to help Belleville. She, in the past, had to find space to set up a lead blood screening center."
The additional $20,000 from Clara Maass gave the mayor some contingency space with Belleville's filter distribution program. With $45,000 spent on getting filter pitcher, the remaining $25,000 is in case more filters are needed and/or an unexpected problem crops up.
"Clara Maass will be there for you, Mayor Melham, or you, Mayor Baraka, need us," said Clyne. "That's our promise to you."
Melham's money hunt is not done. He is looking for funding to conduct Belleville's own LSLRP which may launch later this year.
"The estimate to replace those lead lines is around $25 million - that's a quarter of our municipal budget," said Melham. "We're looking at a proportional loan from the county and other funding sources. I intend to have a program in place when I give my 'State of the Township' address in May."
Belleville, said its mayor, is under no EPA or DEP mandate - like Newark - to remediate its LSLs and/or fixtures.
Melham, responding to a "Local Talk" question on when Newark's LSLRP contractors will start work in Silver Lake, indicated that Newark may be starting ahead of Belleville's own replacement program.
"It's my understanding that Newark is working to a grid system," said Belleville's mayor. "They will be getting to us in time."
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - While the replacement aspect of Newark's current water crisis is going full steam into 2020, some observers are pausing to reflect on how the water supply got into the circumstance it is striving the last 15 months to rectify.
The city and its designated contractors, according to the former's website Noon Jan. 7, has replaced 4,556 Lead Service Lines of 18,720 identified among all five wards. A Mayor Ras J. Baraka's Office of Public Information spokesman, on Dec. 29, said that the 20 work crews are on a pace of replacing 35 LSLs linking the Newark Water Supply mains to its residential and commercial customers daily.
That pace has accelerated since September, when the city accepted Essex County Executive Joseph DiVincenzo's $120 million loan offer he made Aug. 24. That $120 million was added to the $75 million low-interest New Jersey Environmental Infrastructure bank loan it had earlier received.
At least $78 million of that overall $195 million has been spent by the Municipal Council Dec. 10 on extending emergency Lead Service Line Replacement Program contracts to Newark's Roman E&G and Linden's Montana Construction Corp. six months into June 24.
The near-doubling of the LSLRP fund and subsequent addition of contractors has the same Mayor's spokesman projecting a finish of 18 months - or August 2021. That projected finish falls within the 24-to-30-month replacement period first set Aug. 25 - which, in turn, is an acceleration of a 10-year timeline first set with the original $75 million state loan.
The city has meanwhile spent $9 million on a new NWS-Pequannock System filtration plant that opened in Montclair. That plant, which opened May 9, adds orthophosphate to coat the inside diameters of water service lines and fixtures.
That Montclair plant helps NWS-Pequannock to serve some 300,000 water customers in Newark, Belleville, Bloomfield, Nutley and Hillside.
The orthophosphate replaces the sodium silicate which U.S. EPA officials told Newark and the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection in 2017 had lost its effectiveness. That loss was registered when a majority of water samples scored above the EPA's "actionable" lead limit of 15 parts per billion in five of six semi-annual water testing cycles.
The city and the DEP are hoping that the trend of lower lead particles in the water system, first seen in the January-June test cycle, continues in the latest sampling test scores. That continued progress would show that orthophosphate is lining the lines, preventing lead from leaching into the system. ("Local Talk" intends to examine the July-December 2019 test scores when they are fully released later this month.)
There are observers who are taking January 2020, like most starts of a new year, to consider whether city and state officials have missed early warning signs of Newark's lead-in-water crisis.
There had been a precedent with the Newark Public Schools in March 2016. Around 400 water fountains and other fixtures were shut off in 30 of NPS's then-69 buildings when a majority of those buildings sampled registered 15 ppb-plus readings.
Then-State District Superintendent Christopher Cerf ordered pallets of bottled water for in-school distribution for the rest of the 2015-16 school year. NPS Facilities employees and contractors sought to replace the infrastructure and added in-line filters.
The NPS water crisis prompted state legislators to cut the water testing cycles in public school districts from six years to three. Test results are to be posted on local websites and, just recently, a state clearing house site.
Observers initially tied the NPS water crisis to its older building stock. A majority of its schools were an average 80 years old, constructed long before the federal and state governments banned the use of lead plumbing lines and fixtures in 1986.
Water test data released April 2, 2016, however, indicated that NPS had 15 ppb-plus readings among its schools going back to 2010. Those readings came during a turbulent time for NPS, where several simultaneous "reforms" included school consolidations, closures and/or leasing out to charter schools.
City-wide elevated lead readings came on the heels of when the Newark Water Supply, including both the Pequannock and Wanaque systems, were being returned to the Newark Department of Public Works. The Newark Watershed Conservation and Development Corporation, after a 40-year life, voted to disband itself in March 2013 and entered Chapter 11 Bankruptcy dissolution that May.
The NWCDC's self-dissolution came a week after the State Comptroller's office discovered no-show jobs, no-bid service contracts to personal associates, a failure to oversee those contracts, risky investments and unauthorized check writing 2008-2011. The above lack of oversight cost the non-profit company $2 million from its $10 million annual operating budget.
The 45-page report included faulting NWCDC Executive Director Linda Watkins-Brashear for providing no-bid contracts, writing unapproved checks and receiving $1 million in kickbacks. Watkins-Brashear, 59, of West Orange, is current serving a 102-month sentence since pleading guilty Sept 22, 2017 on a count each of wire fraud and filing a false 2012 tax return. Two vendors and an NWCDC administrator were serving between six months and eight years in prison on related charges.
Then-Mayor Cory Booker, who also doubled as NWCDC ex-officio chairman 2006-13, has repeatedly stated that he never knew of the misappropriations. The now-U.S. Senator and Presidential Democratic Nomination Candidate, on one hand, had appointed Watkins-Brashear and several other watershed board members. Booker, on the other hand, had never attended an NWCDC meeting himself; it is not known whether he had sent a representative.
Booker's two bids to convert the NWCDC into a more-autonomous Municipal Utilities Authority were defeated by the Municipal Council in 2010 and 2012.
Working around this atmosphere was longtime plant operator Andrew Pappachen, who ran NWS Pequannock and Wanaque's daily operations for decades until his 2018 retirement. The immigrant from India and Montville Township resident was largely left to maintain the plants and file water quality reports on his own.
Pappachen, who now directs Trenton's public works, had to make adjustments against lead, haloacetic acids and foreign matter to maintain water quality. His balancing water acidity and alkalinity can be compared to an auto mechanic keeping a gasoline or diesel engine from running too rich or lean while minimizing exhaust emissions.
A media outlet's late 2019 research found that Pappachen was making short-term solutions or repairs in part to meet changing federal or state requirements. The DEP, for example, called in 2012 for reductions in haloacetic acids - a disinfection byproduct that, after long exposure, can cause cancer.
Pappachen and plant technicians settled on increasing Newark water's acidity. Although raising the acidity curbed haloacetic acids, it eroded the Pequannock System's sodium silicate lining. Making such changes, short of adding a new chemical or changing quality measurement, does not need DEP permission.
That erosion showed up in daily acidity readings leaving Pequannock 2012-16 and in the six-month EPA water samplings. The June 2017 sampling results, where 22 percent of 129 samples exceeded the 15 ppb level, caught the attention of the EPA, DEP and Newark water consultant CDM Smith, of Edison. These agencies began warning Newark Water Supply of acidic noncompliance in 2013.
It is hard to say who or where that warning buck stopped.
"All those results are going to everybody," said Acting Water and Sewer Utilities Director Kareem Adeem.
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - Those who read through the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection's latest Newark Water Supply test results, released Jan. 7, may feel like the baseball umpires in the Norman Rockwell painting "Tough Call."
"Tough Call," which first appeared as the cover of April 23, 1949's "Saturday Evening Post" magazine, shows three umpires looking up at the heavens at the bottom of a Major League Baseball game's sixth inning.
One is standing in the still sunny side of the infield, flanked by another holding his hand out to feel rain drops from the clouded side. Their decision would decide whether the game is called on account of rain - or to try to continue towards a complete nine-inning game.
Managers of the opposing teams, just behind the umpires' shoulders, are facing each other. One manager is pointing skyward; the other just looks at his rival with skepticism. It is hard to say which manager's team would benefit from the game being called then and there.
It would be easy to say that the manager pointing skyward, as if to say, "See - the storm is passing," would represent officials of Mayor Ras Baraka's Administration.
"This is passing," indeed, could have been the sub-headline for the city's Jan. 7, "Latest Test Results in Newark Show Lead levels in Unfiltered Water are Dropping" release.
The city's release trumpets the decline of lead particulates in its water system as a continuation of a six- month downward trend. The decline, as depicted in the accompanying "90th Percentile Citywide" chart, has gone from 40.8 parts to billion in June, to 33.2 ppb in July to 17.3 ppb in December.
"Ninety percent of the water we tested has fallen very close to the acceptable federal level of 15 ppb," said Acting Newark Water and Sewer Utilities Director Kareem Adeem in the release. "As of December, our ppb were down to 17.3 in 90 percent of the samples."
Bringing the lead-in-water content below the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's "actionable" threshold of 15ppb has been Baraka and Adeem's goal since they launched their Lead Service Line Replacement Program and free water faucet and pitcher filter distribution in September 2018. Newark's water supply test results had exceeded 15ppb in five of six semiannual test cycles into June 30, 2018.
December's 17.3 ppb readings, said Adeem in the release, is a 74 percent drop from 66.4 ppb registered in February. Adeem pointed towards the May 9 opening of the NWS-Pequannock System's new Montclair orthophosphate treatment plant for the lead content's near steady June-December decline.
That treatment plant adds orthophosphate to coat the inner diameter of the NWS-Pequannock mains, LSLs and customer fixtures. It replaces the sodium silicate that was added to the system at its Pequannock Treatment Plant. The DEP told Newark officials in 2017 that sodium silicate, after 20 years' use, had lost its anti-corrosion effectiveness.
Baraka, Adeem and state officials including DEP Commissioner Catherine McCabe and Gov. Phil Murphy have maintained that it would take time for orthophosphate's effectiveness to show in the semiannual test readings. Its effectiveness would benefit the 300,000 NWS-Pequannock customers - which includes all or parts of Belleville, Bloomfield, Nutley and Hillside.
"The effectiveness of the orthophosphate is gradual," said Adeem, "so we expect to see the lead levels continue to drop."
The orthophosphate addition is supposedly working in tandem with the LSLRP and the filter/pitcher distribution.
The Jan. 7 release had tallied 4,556, or more than 25 percent, of 18,270 identified LSLs since October 2018. That pace, which Adeem said comes out to 85 lines replaced daily "weather permitting," had been quickened since the city took up Essex County's $120 million loan offered by its executive, Joseph DiVincenzo, Aug. 24.
The loan-fueled acceleration was welcomed when an Aug. 9 test result showed two of three faucet filters tested had failed. That 66.6 failure rate prompted city officials to have filters in the field retested while offering a free bottled water distribution program.
A test of some 300 faucet filters, according to test results announced in September, yielded a 97-to-99 percent effectiveness rate. Newark then curtailed the bottled water distribution to hasten orthophosphate coating.
"But it has not passed yet," may well be the stand skeptics, like the Newark Education Workers Coalition and the Natural Resources Defense Council, are taking.
"Ideally, I think it's great, but the NJDEP Drinking water watch says the level is 33 ppb," said Yvette Jordan Jan. 8. "Since the DEP has the final word, the city has somewhat exaggerated."
Jordan, as a NEWCaucus member, and the NRDC are plaintiffs in an 18-month lawsuit against Newark and the DEP in federal court. They had unsuccessfully sought a court injunction last summer which would have mandated the city to conduct door-to-door citywide water bottle distribution regardless of where they draw their water. (Newark's East Ward and parts of its North and West wards are fed by NWS' Wanaque system. which has been adding orthophosphate throughout.)
Eirk Olson, the NRDC's health director, noted that lead levels tend to be lower during the winter months and it would be premature to say Newark's lead-in-water crisis has passed.
"We're hopeful that it’s going to show up as an improvement," said Olson Jan. 7, "but we're definitely not out of the woods."
The DWP's Drinking Water Watch site's opening page on the Newark Water Department lists a 33 milligrams of contaminant per liter (MG/L), equivalent to 33 parts per million, for the July 1-Dec. 31, 2019 test result average.
That first page uniformly lists the average of semiannual tests going back to Jan. 1 -June 30, 2017 and earlier triennial tests going back to Jan. 1, 2002 in MG/L. The roster of the 471 July 1-Dec.30 samples, however, are reported in both MG/L and UG/L. UG/L is micrograms per liter, equivalent to ppb.
Before diving into the 471 samples, Adeem, in the press release, explained the water collection methodology. Unfiltered samples were drawn, for example, at sites throughout Newark after the water had been stagnant for six hours to overnight. That waiting period allows for lead buildup.
It is to "Local Talk" understanding that the samples, drawn by city-hired vendor CDM Smith, of Edison, then test the samples and first send their results to the DEP. That drawing-to-results posting period may run from six to 14 days.
The 90's percentile is set on or by the testing cycle's midpoint - which, for this latest cycle, was Sept. 30.
"Local Talk" counted 387 of the 471 samples - or 82.17 percent - falling below 15ppb. There were 118 of the 387 samples recorded levels of 1ppb or less.
The remaining 17.83 percent of the 471, however, were at or exceed 15ppb.
One Dec. 18 sample scored a cycle high 92.5 UG/L (or ppb). Two samples, drawn Dec. 5 and Nov. 19, both scored 31 UG/L. A Nov. 14 sample scored 26.8 UG/L. Many others were in the 15-20 UG/L or ppb range.
It would be interesting to see whether the 17 percent that exceeded 15 ppb did so because their LSLs have not been replaced yet. Newark and the DEP, since September, have said they can replace the 18,000-plus LSLs within 24 to 30 months.
It would also be interesting to trace the sample sites to see how the orthophosphate is coating the LSLs, which may account for the 15-20 ppb readings.
It is possible to trace the sample site
history through the present and past semiannual cycles. Site ID numbers, but not their addresses, are given in each report.
"We're paying attention, we took immediate steps," said Adeem. "We're optimistic that, in 2020, we'll be under the actionable level."
By Walter Elliott
BELLEVILLE - One of Newark Water Supply's neighboring clients, the Belleville Water Department, posted its latest lead results here Dec. 15 - which may draw concerns from among that township's almost 36,000 residents.
BWD, in its Dec. 16 advisory posting, said that 90 percent of the latest six-month samples of water tested within the township exceeded the federal EPA 15 parts per billion "actionable" level for lead content in water.
"The action level is the concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow," stated the BWD notice. "This means BWD must ensure that water results from the locations sampled don't exceed this level in at least 90 percent of the sites sampled."
BWD has earlier identified "approximately" 5,500 Lead Service Lines "in its service area and has updated its sampling plan to monitor high risk residences." Belleville Mayor Michael Melham has recently said that replacing all of the normally private LSLs between water mains and customer buildings would cost the township $24 million.
The state and federal governments have banned the installation of LSLs and other lead piping and fixtures in the 1980s. Belleville - like Newark and other "Local Talk" area locales - have a largely older housing stock.
BWD owns most of its water supply infrastructure but gets all of its water from NWS.
Belleville, Bloomfield and Nutley buys some or all of its water from NWS's Pequannock System - which had been within the focus of Newark's water crisis.
Newark has been undergoing an aggressive drive to replace all of its LSLs across all of its five wards. Its LSL Replacement Program had been concentrating on replacing up to 18,000 identified LSLs served by NWS-Pequannock in the South, Central and parts of the East, North and West wards. (The remainder is served by the NWS-Wanaque system.)
Newark's LSLRP was prompted by readings of more than 15 ppb in the 90th percentile in NWS-Pequannock. One cause of the rise in "actionable" lead-in-water readings was due to the failing effectiveness of sodium silicate added to that system at its Pequannock Treatment Plant. The US EPA so advised the now-Newark Water and Sewer Utilities in 2017.
Newark Mayor Ras Baraka and acting Newark Water and Sewer Director Kareem Adeem announced the opening of NWS-Pequannock's new Montclair treatment plant May 9. That plant is adding orthophosphate to line the insides of water mains and LSLs just like the chemical has had been working in NWS-Wanaque.
Both Baraka and Adeem have acknowledged that orthophosphate's effectiveness will take months to show up in NWS-Pequannock's test results. They have curtailed last summer's free distribution of bottled water so their residents would accelerate orthophosphate's coating by going back to tap water use.
Melham, in September, have also acknowledged that orthophosphate's effectiveness will take some time. He and the Township Council, however, remain at the horns of an infrastructural dilemma.
What few LSLs and supply infrastructure not owned by BWD is owned by NWS. This legacy of the supply's 1880s-90s installation is concentrated in Belleville's Silver Lake panhandle. Those 50 customers with LSLs also directly pay their water bills to NWS.
NWS, said Baraka in August, would replace those lines in Belleville plus the 60 Hillside customers who face a similar situation.
It is not known whether Belleville's Township Council have accepted or declined Baraka's offer. They and Township Engineer Tom Hertis are wary of having some homeowners pay for their own LSL replacement while those in Silver Lake get theirs replaced for free.
Belleville, said Melham, cannot handle their $24 million LSLRP cost. The township mayor has therefore turned down a proportional LSLRP loan from the Essex County Improvement Authority as it had offered Newark Aug. 26.
Baraka and the Newark Municipal Council had accepted the $120 million advance from Essex County Executive Joseph DiVincenzo (D-Roseland). The advance, backed by the county's AAA bond rating and ECIA-issued bonds, has accelerated Newark's LSLRP from up to 10 years (at $75 million) to up to 30 months.
Taxpayers in New Jersey's largest city, however, will be repaying the ECIA at a low interest rate the next 30 years.
BWD, in its Monday legally-required notice, said it will be continuing a public education campaign, "planning an LSLRP in conjunction with future remaining water main projects," sending "a required corrosion control treatment program to NJDEP" and continuing to sample for lead and copper content at NWS interconnections.
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - Clean water was among the demands presented by “Local Talk” area students and environmental activists during their Dec. 6 Downtown Newark march and rally.
Friday afternoon's "Climate Strike for Clean Water, Clean Air, Clean Energy and Justice for All," stepped off from Rutgers-Newark Norman Samuels Plaza just after 12:30 p.m.
The R-N quadrangle was used as a gathering place for area high school and college students to assemble. Some 30 students from Columbia High School and Maplewood Middle School, for example, left their own Township Municipal Building rally to take a NJTransit train there via Broad Street-Newark Station.
The marchers, chanting "The Planet's on Fire," walked south on University Avenue and East on Raymond Boulevard to Newark Penn Station. They ended at Raymond Plaza West and nearby Peter Francisco Park for a closing rally.
NWC leader Anthony Diaz and his delegation stepped in from the start, holding banners reading "We Demand Clean Water" and "Get the Lead Out."
"We thank the NJ Climate Coalition for allowing the Newark Coalition to take part in the climate strike," posted Diaz on NWC's website. "The facilitating team worked diligently to make this student action a success."
Diaz had a busy Friday, ending with speaking that night before 100 people in Maplewood's The Woodland. He was the only non-South Orange/Maplewood speaker who addressed water quality, greenhouse gases and other clime change-related topics in the CHS club-organized Climate Teach-In.
Newark's strike was among several held across the country and around the world to coincide with the UN's 25th "Conference of the Parties" Climate Change Summit opening in Madrid. Some 196 countries and international organizations, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, presented their climate findings and posted recommendations to counter man-made global climate change.
One of the UNFCC's charges over the following eight days was to place youth "at the heart of climate change." UNICEF, for example, named Penelope Lea, 15, of Norway, its first climate activist ambassador.
Greta Thunberg, however, took a sailboat across the Atlantic and a train from Lisbon to join in an opening day march and press conference. The 16-year-old from Sweden contrasted the four percent rise in greenhouse gas emissions since 2015 with the Dec. 6 and Sept. 20 climate strikes.
"I'm just an activist and we need more activists," said Thunberg, outside of the UN COP25 conference center. "It's not sustainable that children skip school and we don't want to continue - we'd love some action from people in power. People are suffering and dying; we can't wait any longer."
Thunberg's questioning the effectiveness of school strikes for climate change appears to be a change in her tactics. "Time" Magazine's Dec. 11-announced "Person of the Year" for 2019 started her campaign by attending Swedish Parliament's weekly Friday sessions in 2018 by holding up a sign reading, "School strike for the climate."
Finding a more direct water quality-climate change link that Friday was better found back in the "Local Talk" area, starting with the Newark marchers' lead banner.
That banner, playing on NJTransit's "The Way to Go" slogan, was reworked to: "Solar is The Way to Go." Above the tagline and NJTransit logo was: "Gov. Murphy: No NJTransit Power Plant; No New Fossil Fuel Projects."
Bystanders may have been initially confused with an apparent contradiction. Did not some of the marchers arrived from South Orange and Maplewood by train, forgoing car use?
The strike participants are rather focusing on mass transit's energy sources - namely NJTransit's TransitGrid system. TransitGrid currently calls for achieving power generation independent of the larger regional energy grid by building a natural gas-fed power station in Kearny.
Natural gas is a native fossil fuel whose use has increased in the last decade through hydraulic fracturing - or fracking. Millions of gallons of water, along with sand and chemicals, are used to break up underground shale deposits to release natural gas deposits.
Fracking, on one hand, has turned the U.S. from a net energy consumer into an energy exporter. On the other hand, chemicals, including diesel fuel and acetone, remain in the used water, contributing to increased cancer exposure.
Water used for fracking is exempted from the federal Safe Water Act. New Jersey and New York have placed a moratorium on fracking, outside of its use in 33 other states.
While the Newark marchers disassembled at Peter Francisco Park, CHS's Students for Justice and Environmental clubs held their Climate Teach-In.
CHS Interim Principal Dr. Kalisha Morgan, in a Dec. 5 letter to parents, explained that while she will not censure "the Constitutional rights of our students to engage in protests that don't interfere in the educational process," the participating students will be marked as having an unexcused absence.
The New Jersey Department of Education had left whether to excuse students' absence Dec. 6 to the individual school districts.
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - There are cases of free bottled water available within the Five Wards as of Dec. 4 - but it is a matter of tapping into appropriate non-city outlets.
The City of Newark, for example is still distributing free bottles or cases from their five designated centers. "Local Talk," for example, noticed a pallet in the lobby of its Department of Health and Wellbeing, 110 William St., as late as Nov. 27.
The city has reduced availability, however, since Oct. 8, to the "vulnerable" as a means to have more people use tap water.
City officials, starting with Mayor Ras Baraka, want people in the Newark Water Supply-Pequannock System to use more tap water since the new Montclair treatment plant came online May 9. The new plant is adding orthophosphate into the Pequannock supply, which replaced the sodium silicate that the federal EPA and state DEP said, in 2017, became ineffective in reducing lead buildup.
City officials' thinking is that the more people use tap water, the more opportunity for orthophosphate to coat the inside walls of service lines and fixtures. Orthophosphate's coating will at least keep lead from building up to the EPA's 15 parts per billion "actionable" threshold. (Newark-hired tester CDM Smith, of Edison, used 10 ppb as its standard in its August-September testing of faucet and pitcher filters.)
By vulnerable, Newark is giving out two cases (or 48 bottles) of water every two weeks to pregnant women and/or families who have children six years old or younger. Those who meet that criteria will - still - have to be living in the Pequannock System (South Ward, Central Ward, West Ward and the western half of the North Ward).
City of Newark bottle/case availability, subject to valid ID, are at:
· Department of Health - WIC Office, 110 William St., most Mondays-Wednesdays 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m., Thursdays 8:30-6:30 p.m. and fourth Saturdays of the month 9 a.m.-2 p.m.
· Shani Baraka Women's Center, 300 Clinton Ave. Monday-Friday 9 a.m.-5 p.m.
Newark officials, citing twice-yearly citywide water sampling tests from earlier this year back into 2017, have maintained that those served by NWS-Wanaque System are not affected by the higher lead readings.
Those who are living in the East Ward and eastern part of the North Ward were being served with orthophosphate all along and have no need for bottled water. A federal judge last summer had ruled that plaintiffs Natural Resources Defense Council and Newark Education Workers Caucus had not made a compelling case to extend free water bottle and filter distribution for NWS-Wanaque customers.
Anthony Diaz, leader of the Newark Water Coalition, has countered that there have been residents who said they had proper ID but were turned away from getting bottled water cases. Diaz brought this matter up before the Municipal Council at their Nov. 18 meeting.
Diaz drew these turn-away stories largely from those who come to St. Lucy's Church for bottled water. The NWC has regularly distributed donated bottles and cases there and at St. Stephen's Grace Community in the East Ward. NWC has also distributed at special occasions, like the National Islamic Association/"Roseville Mosque" annual Day of Dignity last held Nov. 2 in Lincoln Park.
NWC distributes donated water bottles and cases Saturdays Noon-3 p.m. at:
· St. Lucy's Church, 118 Seventh Ave.
· St. Stephen's Grace Community Church, 7 Wilson Ave.
That the NWC continues to receive donated water as late as Thanksgiving Day demonstrates that there are people from across the country who still want to help Newark residents through their water crisis.
Paradise Baptist Church, for example, may be going through their second set of six pallets' worth of water while your read this. The Central Ward church had distributed 60,000 cases while anticipating their next pallet shipment from donor JB Dondalo, of Texas.
PBC's distribution includes eight pallets of donated boxed water, given out to some 300 families, Oct. 22.
Check with Paradisebaptistcurch.org and Bishop Jethro J. James before visiting 348 15th Ave.
Other houses of worship and nonprofit groups may be independently distributing bottles and/or cases on their own.
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - The water filter reliability test data that was more than first hinted here Oct. 4 have come out to the public in a 102 page report Nov. 22.
The report, whose preliminary results prompted city officials to curtail widespread free water bottle and case distribution Oct. 8, confirmed what Mayor Ras Baraka declared four days earlier, namely that the faucet filters are 97.5 to 99.5 percent effective in reducing lead content to 10 parts per billion or under.
The document - as posted in newarkleadserviceline.com under "Filter Study Report" and authored by contracted tester CDM Smith, of Edison - is already having an effect as far away as Washington, D.C.
The federal EPA, in a letter that afternoon to Newark and the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, agreed with the report's conclusion that the certified PUR faucet and pitcher filters are safe to use. It was an Aug. 6 report that two of three such filters tested had failed to reach 10ppb that launched the bottled water distribution at the EPA's urging.
The EPA, further in its Friday afternoon letter to Acting Newark Water and Sewer Utilities Director Kareem H. Adeem and DEP Commissioner Catherine McCabe, said it has decided not to press for continued bottled water distribution.
CDM Smith, in its report summary, said that 198 of the 203 faucet filters it tested in September reduced lead content to 10 ppb or less "when properly installed." That effectiveness race cones out to 97.5 percent.
When the 203 water filters are properly installed and water was "flushed" for five minutes before sampling or use, Smith found a 99.5 percent effectiveness rate. (The city, in its press releases, still recommends households who have "long front yards or Lead Service Lines over 75 feet" to flush their outlets eight minutes.)
Adeem said that 38,000 faucet or pitcher filters have been distributed since Oct. 15, 2018, after a DEP report found majority of lead-in-water content readings registering above the EPA "actionable" threshold of 15 ppb. The director recently added that more than 2,704 LSLs, of 18,000 citywide detected, have been replaced.
There were 337 samples of 500ml drawn from 189 faucet and nine pitcher filters drawn by Smith technicians and/or city utility workers July 8-Sept. 6. The samples were drawn after the faucet and its lines had "stagnated" - not been used for at least six hours.
That summer period included the DEP's Aug. 14 final protocol. The report also includes a chain of sample possession - who passed on the samples to whom.
These samples, except for one Lower Broadway Central Ward site, were all conducted within the Newark Water Supply Pequannock System. The single sample was the only one within NWS's Wanaque System.
The reports two maps of unfiltered and filtered sample sites included the five whose filtering had failed in late July-early August. The breakdown has two sites in the West Ward, one each in the Central, North and South wards.
Users in the first West Ward home said they had run hot water through the filter to wash dishes until the first cartridge needed replacing. The second ward home still had a faucet aerator attached.
The Central Ward home also needed to have its aerator screen cleaned out as well as checking the indicator light's grounding. The North Ward filter, which was moved from the bathroom to the kitchen, needed longer flushing time. The South Ward filter, in a pitcher, needed a stagnation time of longer than 5.5 hours.
A PUR filter company spokesman said that it will continue to work with Newark on supplying cartridges and use instructions.
The Natural Resources Defense Council, in its Nov. 25 response, said that the report "confirms the accuracy of NRDC's warnings to the city back to February 2019 that scores of residents aren't being protected from elevated lead levels because water filters aren't being properly installed and maintained."
The Washington, D.C.-based group cited Smith report data's finding of 25 percent of the sampled faucet filters being improperly installed or maintained. "A majority of pitcher filters (16 of 25 sampled) were not properly installed or maintained. Thousands of households mistakenly believe that they are being protected by filters that may not be effectively protecting them from lead."
NRDC recommends that door-to-door instruction on filter installation, use and five-minute flushing be done. The city, through a $1 million door-to-door campaign, is having volunteers and water utility employees doing that.
The Newark Education Workers Caucus posted NRDC's response on its own Facebook page. NEW Caucus and NRDC are federal plaintiffs against the city and McCabe in trying to get door-to-door free filter and bottled water distribution among all five wards.
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - While the City of Newark continues full-steam in its 30-month Lead Line Replacement Program, Gov. Phil Murphy wants to put part of his proposed statewide, longer-term program before voters Nov. 3, 2020.
Murphy (D-Rumson) wants to put his proposed $500 million bond issue as a 2020 General Election public question referendum. The half-billion-dollar issue would fund an LSLRP across the state for 10 years.
The Governor, in his Oct. 10 announcement, wants to replace LSLs throughout the state 2021-31. Murphy is in particular targeting 105 municipalities who have found or known to have these water main-to-customer connecting lead lines in their supply system from circa 1900 until the 1986 federal lead ban.
Murphy's state loan plan has similarities to Essex County's $120 million loan that is accelerating Newark's LSLRP.
Municipalities and/or municipal-based water utilities would take out loans from the state to replace LSLs. The funds would allow utilities to contract or pay for replacing lead lines with copper lines.
The cost of replacement, normally shouldered by customers who are private property owners, would be borne by the state via municipalities/utilities. That per-line cost usually runs between $7,000 and $8,000.
The compromise, however, may come at the expense of property owner autonomy. State Sen. M. Teresa Ruiz (D-Newark) is sponsoring a bill where the replacement is done without the property owner's permission or notice.
Ruiz's bill is similar to one backed by Mayor Ras Baraka and passed by the Newark Municipal Council. Both bills seek to cut delays made while municipalities and/or their contractors try to find absentee owners or owners of "zombie" properties.
The towns and/or their utilities can replay the state through their own appropriation or by adding a water use tax on their customers. The repayment interest and life of the state-issued bonds have not been yet set.
This particular feature, still under development, contrasts with Newark. The city is using part of the Port Authority's additional $150 million airport-seaport rent payment to repay the Essex County Improvement Authority bonds 2020-40.
The program may appeal to municipalities who are unable to pay for their own LSLRPs.
Belleville Mayor Michael Melham, for example, has said the estimated $24 million to replace LSLs among his township's estimated 8,000 homes is a quarter of its annual municipal budget. Melham has left Newark's offer to directly replace its 50 LSLs and Essex County's similar loan, to the Township Council to decide.
Murphy's 10-year $500-million LSL loan program may also attract towns who have infrastructure from more than one water supplier. They may include Belleville, Bloomfield, Nutley, Hillside, Pequannock and any other locale served by Newark Water Supply's Pequannock System.
Melham and Belleville Engineer Tom Hertis told "Local Talk" that NWS-Pequannock is the township's sole supplier - but Belleville owns all but 50 LSLs. Those 50 lines, concentrated in the Silver Lake section, were installed by NWS around the turn of the last century.
Belleville's officials are concerned that its homeowners would be divided between the 50 who would get their LSLs replaced for free, should they take Newark's offer, and the rest who would still have to pay for replacement themselves.
A similar circumstance is found among Hillside's 50 lines adjacent to Newark's South Ward. Those lines too were laid before Hillside, in Union County, became an independent township in 1922.
Nutley Mayor Nicholas Scarpelli, in his Oct. 15 testimony before Cong. Mikie Sherrill's House Committee on lead-in-water infrastructure crisis, said that his water department is replacing the 436 homes served by NWS-Pequannock. Those 436 lines, concentrated in that township's northwest corner, amounts to five percent of their housing stock.
Scarpelli said that Nutley is served by two other water suppliers - similar to neighboring Bloomfield's situation.
Bloomfield Mayor Michael Venezia, also at Sherrill's hearing, testified that their LSLRP is funded by a $1.1 million low-interest loan from the New Jersey Environmental Infrastructure Bank. "That process took months to secure funding," complained Venezia.
Murphy's proposal, however, may have inventory and scaling problems.
The governor's figures are based on some 350,000 LSLs statewide. The problem, as Scarpelli pointed out Oct. 15, is that local recordkeeping may be incomplete and/or inconsistent.
There may be more LSLs out there. Test boring - as what Newark Water Department and its contractors are doing in the East Ward - may be in loan receivers' future.
Then there is a financial scaling question, as brought up by utilities and Jersey WaterWorks. JWW, in its August report, estimates a $2 billion replacement cost.
It should also be noted that Murphy's plan does not cover commercial water suppliers, who are and would be replacing LSLs on their own dime.
The Newark Municipal Council meanwhile approved $7.5 million for two LSLRP contracts in their Oct. 29 meeting.
Roman E&G Corporation, of Newark, and Underground Utilities Corporation, of Linden, were respectively awarded $3.5 and $4 million as lowest responsible bidders. Roman and UUC will each be responsible to replace 500 LSLs over a nine-month period.
Roman and UUC are being paid from the $75 million Newark received from the NJEIB bank Aug. 15. The $75 million was part of Newark's original 10-year replacement plan before Essex County Executive Joseph DiVincenzo (D-Roseland) offered his $120 million loan Aug. 24.
Newark and its contractors, said Acting Newark Water and Sewer Utilities Director Kareem Adeem Tuesday, have replaced more than 1,800 LSLs to date. That figure is a 10th of the 18,000 known LSLs throughout the city.
By Lev. D. Zilbermints
Lev D. Zilbermints: Is it true that some of the protesters were from West Orange?
Anthony Diaz: Man, I couldn't tell you where ALL of the protesters are from. There were a lot of people there that night. I can say that the group I was with are Newarkers and that I owe every part of who I am to this city. I was born, raised, and schooled here up to the college level. I moved to West Orange in November of last year, but I'm here every day doing the work because this is my community.
LZ: What is your opinion about what Mayor Baraka said at NJPAC?
AD: He spent too much time defending himself. It was really a defense of his position on the water. It was not an impressive State of the Water or even a Town Hall event. Why didn't we get real answers to the real questions that people had? Instead we got a pep rally, complete with a side of sycophants.
LZ: Baraka is saying to listen to the science. He states that you cannot get lead poisoning from showering or washing your dishes. What is your response?
AD: I say listen to the science. Do your research. Lead poisoning happens when lead is ingested through water, soil, paint, dust.
LZ: Baraka claims Newark Water Coalition is a special interest. Your response?
AD: Baraka has made several claims when it comes to the Newark Water Coalition and they are all trash. It is only people volunteering their time and skills that powers us. The community is who gives us the strength to continue. Our last event had over 40 volunteers from the high schools and colleges. The Green Party has created banners for us.
Clean water for all is our special interest. What we are doing is filling in the gaps where the city programs are falling short. Those gaps are increasing and becoming wider, leaving space for families to fall through. The NWC serves over 400 families at both our water distribution sites, has given out over 300 filters, and was organizing and providing resources to the folks that the administration has ignored and abandoned for the last 10 months.
LZ: What concerns did Mayor Baraka fail to answer?
AD: How widespread is this problem, really? When will the data to back up his claims be publicly available? Where are the results from the lead tests in the schools and nursing homes and prisons and restaurants? Why discontinue the water distribution when the small sample of tested filters have a 3% failure rate? What was the methodology used to test the filters? Were those 300 homes where the filters were tested all in the same ward? 3% of 40,000 is 1,200. So there are 1,200 filters out there that maybe failing according to the estimate of 40,000 filters being distributed. What wards are the lead lines being replaced in currently? How was this determined? What is the plan and how are homes determined in terms of where they fall in the time frame for replacement?
LZ: In your view, what should be done to solve the Newark Water Crisis?
AD: Much transparency and definite oversight is necessary. A committee of water experts, educational institutions, community members and activist groups need to monitor the entire water project in Newark. This committee would create the educational material that is disseminated to the residents. The committee would make the entire process more transparent and accessible when it comes to the process of the lead service lines being replaced. People should know when and where the city is working.
This loan needs to be monitored heavily. We know that without oversight, every dime and nickel is not always accounted for. And for the record - you're telling me that we are three years into this crisis, and everyone involved with oversight keeps their jobs? Something needs to be done about leadership to ensure that this doesn't happen again.
LZ: We are hearing water filters are working. Any comment on that?
AD: We sure hope that they are working properly, and we urge the administration to be sure that every single resident receives a working filter. A concern of mine is that the water bottle distribution program is being discontinued before the full report has been released. As I said before, the sample size to test the efficacy of the filters is tiny and unfortunately, there has been so much misinformation that people still don't want to rely on using the water from their faucets.
LZ: Bottled water distribution will cease October 8. Your view on this?
AD: This is tragic and irresponsible. Residents still require this resource and The Newark Water Coalition will provide that resource as long as we continue to receive donations. NWC would like to expand our distribution from two sites to enough to cover all five wards.
By Walter Elliott and Lev D. Zilbermints
NEWARK - Essex County, as of 7 p.m. Aug. 27, is a couple of public hearings and a state agency's permission away from loaning the City of Newark $120 million to expedite the latter's lead service line replacement project.
The Essex County Freeholders, the Essex County Improvement Authority and the Newark Municipal have been working, for institutions, at lightning speed since Essex County Executive Joseph N. DiVincenzo's Monday morning announcement of his financing plan.
Newark's council, in a special 10:07 a.m. Tuesday meeting, unanimously adopted a $120 million refunding bond ordinance, it's inclusion into the city's 2019 municipal budget and a permission application to the New Jersey Department of Community Affairs Local Finance Board. The refunding bond ordinance itself is to have a public hearing and an anticipated final adoption in a Sept. 10 special session.
The county freeholders, in their special 4 p.m. Tuesday session here at the Hall of Records, passed its ECIA Municipal Infrastructure Bond Guaranty on first reading. County elders have scheduled a public hearing on the guaranty and its likely final adoption Sept 11.
The council and freeholders approvals sent ECIA Commissioner Clifford Ross, of Orange, rushing from the Hall of Records 5 p.m. to join his four colleagues at their scheduled meeting in Fairfield. The commissioners likely waited for Ross to make his 30-minute drive to their offices at Essex County Airport before making their affirmative vote.
The County/ECIA/Newark funding plan, as an overview, consists of the authority putting $120 million onto the bond market. The city - pending on the Sept. 10-11 public hearings and the DCA Local Finance Board's decision - will receive the $120 million sometime this autumn.
The $120 million is to accelerate Newark's current 10-year, $75 million lead service line replacement program underway since May.
Mayor Ras Baraka, during DiVincenzo's announcement in the Sheila Oliver Conference Room here in the county's LeRoy Smith Public Safety Building, said that the additional funds would allow the city to hire more contractors to replace some 15,000 lead service lines linking residential properties with the Newark Water Supply-Pequannock mains.
Baraka affirmed DiVincenzo and Gov. Phil Murphy's Monday statements that the loan will cut the LSL replacement project's time length from 10 years to 24 to 30 months. The project's cost, which includes $12.1 million in state funding, would rise to $207.1 million.
Newark, starting at a predetermined date, will start paying back the $120 million at $6.1 million annually for the bonds' 30-year life. The county will use its AAA bond rating to be the loan's guarantor should the city encounter any financial problems 2020-50.
It is not known, as of Noon, Aug. 28, when the NJDCA's Local Finance Board will hear the city and county's request.
The DCA's Local Government Services Division board's next scheduled meeting is set for Oct. 9, with applicants having until Sept. 18 to file their requests.
It is unknown whether the LFB will grant an emergency allowance to Newark/Essex County to get on the Trenton panel's Sept. 11 meeting agenda. Aug. 21 was that session's applicant filing deadline. Its Sept. 11 agenda, as of 1 p.m. Aug. 28, has not been posted.
DiVincenzo (D-Roseland), Murphy (D-Rumson) and Baraka were among the public officials who praised each other Aug. 26-27 for coming up with the bonding over meetings the previous week. They were quick to point the loan out as an example of different layers of government working together.
For all the praise and mutual congratulations, however, the bond offer is a 30-year loan - a financial step towards resolving the Newark area lead-in-water crisis.
There is still the contractors' bidding process that Newark must undertake. It is uncertain whether the Baraka Administration will follow the lowest responsible bidder awarding process - or if the mayor will bypass it on emergent grounds.
Mayor Baraka, at Monday's announcement, said he was considering forwarding legislation to the council for city workers and contractors to replace LSLs on private property - without the owner's permission. Baraka indicated that not seeking property owners' permission or
notifying them would also accelerate the LSL replacement process.
There are also watchdogs - as evidenced during the Newark Water Coalition-led demonstration outside the Prudential Center Aug. 26 before the MTV Video Music Awards ceremony - who will continue to press on elected officials.
Deborah Smith Gregory, for example, was present at both Newark special votes Tuesday. The NAACP-Newark Branch President was moved to remind the council about making the bonding legislation "crystal clear."
"There are residents whose trust in this government has eroded," said Gregory before Council President Mildred Crump, her colleagues (absent of East Ward Councilman Augusto Amador) the TV-78 camera and a Council Chamber gallery audience of 60. "We want to know of every i dotted and t crossed of what's being approved."
"We do, too," replied Crump. "That's why we're entering an executive session before voting."
That 30-minute closed session among the eight council members and Newark Corporate Counsel Kenyatta K. Stewart revised the three bills. It added a provision that Baraka mentioned in passing Monday - and may provide immediate relief for property owners served by NWS-Pequannock.
"We're going to waive the $1,000 requirement for homeowners to have their lead lines replaced," said the mayor. "I don't think the bills have gone out yet for our Phase I homeowners. Those bills won't be sent out to Phase II-X homeowners."
Baraka was referring the 10 replacement area phases that the city's original 10-year plan. He and several officials said that Phase I has replaced more than 700 LSLs - although various officials' numbers ranged from 707 to 770.
The mayor, Monday, also said that he was seeking and welcoming further aid from state and federal sources - which brought an immediate response from DiVincenzo and from Tuesday afternoon's Freeholders meeting.
The freeholders (minus the absent Leonard Luciano, of W. Caldwell) learned from their attorney and bond counsel that afternoon that any future lead-in-water funding Newark receives from Trenton or Washington, D.C. will go towards paying the bond's debt service.
DiVincenzo, a few minutes after Baraka's extra funding-seeking comment, turned to Cong. Donald M. Payne, Jr. (D-Newark). Payne, whose field office was across the hall from the Oliver Conference Room, was the only "Local Talk" Congressional delegation member present.
"The one (level) that's lacking is the federal government," said "Joe D." "You've got to bring home the cash."
Payne was also present to receive Newark Water Coalition members for a private 2 p.m. meeting there. It would be a long day for the NWC, who decided to follow through on their pre-VMA protest within in a block of the Prudential Center.
The coalition was pressing, and still pressing, for water testing and bottled water deliveries throughout the city, regardless of NWS's Pequannock or Wanaque distribution system.
The city maintains that its lead water sample tests of homes served by Wanaque, mainly the East Ward and the eastern part of the North Ward, does not warrant LSL replacement or free water filter/pitcher distribution. The Natural Resources Defense Council and NEWCaucus, in their 15-month-old lawsuit against the city and the state Department of Environmental Protection, are urging citywide testing, delivery and distribution.
NWC and allied marchers, 146 according to "Local Talk," stepped off from Penn Station West Plaza towards a preset barricade across Edison Place. Demonstrators, after 20 minutes, noticed a service road open to the south and walked to Triangle Park, directly east of "The Rock" arena.
Demonstrators, for the next hour, chanted at the bulk of the estimated 18,000 VMA show-goers. A few tried to hand NWC material to those either passing by or were waiting for their staged entry to move. Mounted Newark police eventually moved in to separate the parties.
"We Don't Want No MTV," was one of their chants, "We Want Our Water Lead-Free."
A sideshow developed when some demonstrators noticed Rahaman "Rocky" Muhammad standing on a former CNJ Railroad embankment near the now-Ironside Building. The Deputy mayor of Staff Operations and Employment was standing by himself, recording the scene before him.
"This administration, with that man recording us, because we're demanding accountability," declared one activist at large on a bullhorn. "We want people to be held (on) criminal negligence charges. It ain't over."
"He stands up here and laughs because his citizens don't have clean water?" said NWC head Anthony Diaz. "This' who represents us. And this' who I have to trust that he's going to do right by us with $120 million?"
"Local Talk," WPIX-11 and a couple of other reporters approached Muhammad for his side of the story.
"I was recording the MTV Music Awards; they happened to show up at the awards" said Muhammad. "They start calling my name, start saying things about me. We got what they wanted this morning."
Muhammad, after imploring a The Young Turks-TV reporter, "Don't twist this," repeated "I'm done" seven times and walked away.
Marchers, once the volume of show-goers diminished, returned to the Edison Place barricade and the one on Market Street near Mulberry Street. Their number, 75 by then was equal to the Newark Police, Livingston Police, Essex County Sheriff's officers, State Police and, by Ironside, Commercial District Security combine.
"Local Talk" was about the last reporter to leave at 7:30. Several other news sources reported up to five individuals arrested from there by 7:40 p.m. The five were reportedly arrested on either disorderly conduct or trespassing charges for jumping the barricades into the guest line.
Newark Public Safety Director Anthony Ambrose called the arrested "out-of-towners" who "were apparently not satisfied with the arrangement" to have Triangle Park set aside "in support of their Constitutional rights.
"A few, and I mean a very few, who tried to jump police barricades," said Ambrose late Monday. "When that happens, it becomes a public safety issue."
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - A federal judge may have ruled on whether Newark's bottled water distribution should expand to all city residents by when you read this.
U.S. District Court Judge Esther Salas has heard arguments from both sides of "Natural Resources Defense Council/Newark Education Workers Caucus v. City of Newark/New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Commissioner Catherine McCabe" Aug. 15-16, within 24 hours after the plaintiffs asked for an injunction to start citywide bottle distribution.
Salas, since, had not set a timeline on when she will rule on the injunction from her Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Building and U.S. Courthouse.
The City of Newark meanwhile continues the free distribution of cases of bottled water as it has since Aug. 14. The distribution, from specified city locations, is open to residents who identify themselves as living within the area served by the Pequannock Water System: The West, Central and South wards plus the western half of the North Ward.
Acting Newark Water and Sewer Utilities Director Kareem Adeem, in an Aug. 16 memo, directed his employees to give water cases to those in line who are pregnant, nursing and/or accompanied with small children regardless of city address. Adeem stressed to a New York City television reporter that Friday that his directive did not change city policy.
That city policy limits water bottles to those served by Newark Water Supply's Pequannock system - where two of three homes outfitted with free PUR water faucet filters were found with 15 parts of lead per billion parts of water Aug. 9 triggered the giveaway.
Newark policy maintains - in and out of Salas' courtroom - that residents in the East and remainder of the North Ward served by its Wanaque system are unaffected.
Door-to-door water case distribution, said city officials and attorneys, would be costly and inefficient use of Newark's resources. They are making remediation and improvements to the Pequannock system and that it takes time for the lead test reading results to start turning around.
NRDC and NEW Caucus used the two PUR-filtered home readings Aug. 9 as proof of a citywide water emergency. They continue to fault Newark and the DEP for what they said were violating federal law in monitoring and handling the three-year-old crisis.
The plaintiff's desire for Salas' injunction may be seen as a ramping-up of their 14-month-old case against the city and state. They have argued in July 2018 that the Pequannock and Wanaque systems have three interconnections before reaching Newark, resulting in blending of water. They have also argued before Salas that homes served by Wanaque may still be exposed to lead in their service lines and fixtures.
Adeem, Aug. 15, testified that around seven Pequannock-Wanaque interconnection gate valves were open "for an indeterminate amount of time" before they were closed in January. The resulting blending may therefore account for an early 2019 spike in lead level readings among some East Ward homes sampled.
Baraka named Adeem acting director Nov. 28, succeeding Director Andrea Hall Adebowale, who died Nov. 7.
Newark, last autumn, launched a free PUR water faucet and pitcher distribution outreach after the DEP and city-hired tester CDM Smith, of Edison found the city failing the EPA's "actionable" 15 ppb threshold in a majority of sampled homes 2.5 of the last three years. (Test sampling was done every six months.)
The city also started a 10-year, $75 million lead service line replacement and discount program for 15,000 of its 70,000 residences. The 15,000 are in NWS's Pequannock service area. Free water and blood tests are also available.
Newark, post-Aug. 9, has been huddling with DEP and EPA officials on starting an enhanced or additional water sampling and testing program; that more-extensive testing is projected to start in late September.
Some of the PUR water filters are also being tested since Aug. 16. The testing is to determine whether the two 15 ppb-plus readings were a matter of rare failure, operator error or of failing to upkeep the National Sanitation Foundation International's certified standard.
The filters were touted as residents' first line of defense in reducing, if not eliminating, lead buildup in the lines and fixtures.
"We absolutely don't have enough one way or another," said Baraka Aug. 14, "to determine whether the filters are working or not."
That NSF International certification, set by the Ann Arbor. Mich.-based group, was what led Newark to buy 40,000 PUR filters in October. Other towns served by NWS-Pequannock are also testing the PUR filters they have given out.
Salas, Friday, said she had wanted to see when the EPA and DEP will finish testing those PUR filters in the Pequannock service wards.
The U.S. Department of Justice - New Jersey District judge said neither side convinced her one way or another.
Salas said that the plaintiffs' attorneys had failed to make a compelling case that the East Ward and part-North Ward residents would suffer "irreparable harm" if they do not receive bottled water.
The magistrate also faulted the defendants' lawyers for not providing new information.
"There's clearly not a written policy on what's happening," said Salas. "That makes me feel like we don't have a handle on what's coming."
Baraka, Murphy and Sen. Cory A. Booker (D-Newark) are meanwhile seeking federal funds and water donations.
Baraka, on Aug. 16, announced that the city, the United Way of Essex and West Hudson and Hillside's Community Food Bank of New Jersey have established a fund to accept and coordinate bottled water donations.
The coordination may help prevent the city from having to recall a fifth of the first 70,000 cases it had distributed Aug. 13-14. Distribution was halted when 20,000 cases were found to have "Use By" dates - of May 30. A state agency, under Gov. Murphy's watch, replaced those cases.
The use-by mishap prompted an Aug. 20 call by Assemblyman Jamil C. Holley (D-Roselle) to have the National Guard distribute water cases and either a state or federal takeover of the Newark Water Supply and/or Newark Department of Water and Sewer Utilities.
Deploying the National Guard for any purpose in or around Newark, given its actions during the July 1967 riots or rebellion, may prompt chills and rejection by contemporaries.
Baraka considers Holley's call, as of Aug. 21, a non-starter for another reason.
"Let me be clear about one thing," said the mayor. "The City of Newark is not interested in turning over our water source to any outside entity."
The Maplewood-based MEND Hunger Relief Network has transported 80 cases donated by the United Presbyterian Church of West Orange and Maplewood's Tuscan School to Newark's Elizabeth Avenue-Weequahic Presbyterian Church Aug. 18. MEND intends to make another run Aug. 26.
The National Action Network-Newark Chapter gathered cases from the Elizabeth area Home Depot, Shop-Rite, Stables and Walmart for distribution Aug. 18.
The 17,000 cases Paradise Baptist Church Pastor Jethro J. James and Holley distributed regardless of address in the West Ward July 20, however, was less than warmly received.
Holley - who is also Irvington's public works director and a former Roselle mayor - gathered the cases from New Jersey City University, Walgreen's-Elizabeth and the Hillside-Linden area on Rev. James' behalf.
Former Councilwoman Gayle Chaneyfield Jenkins told a reporter Tuesday that she was present in the City Hall office where Baraka, his chief of staff and corporation counsel had a conference call with Holley.
Jenkins said that Ras and Amiri Baraka, Jr. told Holley that he should have removed his Aug. 15 Facebook post that the city's water is poisonous.
"Local Talk" found a professionally made handbill on Holley's Aug. 15 post with the following line: "I cannot stand by and watch our most vulnerable human beings suffer from poisonous lead levels in Newark."
15 ppb is the EPA's actionable level. There is, however, no “safe” lead content level for the human body. The NRDC has called on the EPA to lower its actionable level to 5 ppb.
East Orange Water Commission Acting/Interim Executive Director Christopher Coke told the commissioners and 12 members of the public present at their Aug. 20 meeting that he offered Newark his "operational and professional assistance."
Murphy hopes to use the information gleaned from McCabe's April 15 visit to Capitol Hill to apply for federal funds to bankroll Newark's water distribution.
"It's important to understand that the City and State will need support and assistance from the federal government if bottled water is to be provided and distributed to impacted residents," said Murphy Aug. 11.
The EPA, on Aug. 11, had recommended Newark residents, "out of an abundance of caution," to use bottled water.
Murphy, however, on Aug. 21, refused to declare a state of emergency on Newark over the water crisis.
"It's too early to tell what the results are," said Murphy Wednesday. "They're testing 20 sites a day. We sure as heck need more than three data points before we draw conclusions."
Booker, on Aug. 19, joined Sen. Robert Menendez (D-Paramus) and Congressmen Donald M. Payne, Jr. (D-Newark) and Albio Sires (D-Union City) in pressing the U.S. Department of Agriculture's WIC funds for additional blood screening.
"The EPA needs to provide on-the-ground support and resources for Newark residents who've been affected by lead exposure," Tweeted Booker Aug. 14. "It's shameful that our national crisis of lead-contaminated drinking water disproportionally hits poor black and brown communities like my own."
By Lev Zilbermints
Lev Zilbermints: During the court case Thursday and Friday, what transpired? What did the City's lawyers argue? What was the Coalition's response?
Sabre Bee: The city seemed to pass the buck to the Department of Environmental Protection. They implied that the NRDC is suing the wrong party. The Coalition believes, wholeheartedly, that the residents are the only ones who are not blameworthy and that the "powers that be" need to align and provide sufficient, long-term solutions to this crisis.
LZ: What do you think of the City's response so far, now that attention is focused on Newark?
SB: The City has maintained that since they've known about the issue they have done their best to provide solutions. We have evidence that the City's response has been insufficient, at best, and the image that they are painting of their response is hyperbolized and irresponsible.
LZ: Do you think the water filters are adequate or not? Why?
SB: (With no shade to Pur) The filters could be adequate, in homes, if experienced people were installing them into each home. IF residents were given small presentations of best practices to keep the filters working properly then the water filters could be adequate. However, since residents are given the filters without direction, instructions, or installation assistance, the filters may not be used properly.
LZ: The lead pipes date back to the 1880s - 1890s in some cases. Previous mayors, Democrat and Republican, did nothing to improve the situation. Any comment?
SB: The historical negligence on the part of the administration has landed us in this situation we are in today. Each mayor, up until 2019, shares a part of responsibility.
LZ: Your St. Lucy's Church will be distributing water tomorrow. Who contributed the water bottles? What is the cost?
SB: The Newark Water Coalition inquired with Shop Rite about making a donation, and in the process of getting everything confirmed, decided to purchase two pallets worth of water. We rented a UHAUL to ship the cases, drove the water to St. Lucy's church, and unloaded, case by case - without a hand-truck! We even had to enlist the help of some local residents, paying them out of our own pockets.
LZ: What measures should be undertaken to end the Newark Water Crisis, in your view?
SB: To end the crisis there needs to be real reconstruction that happens for each and every ward in the city. The lead service pipes need to be replaced, the main water reservoirs need to be treated and better maintained, and the public needs to be informed of each step in the process. We demand more transparency.
LZ: Have there been cases of people getting sick from lead in the water?
SB: We know that elevated levels of lead are directly correlated with elevated levels of aggression, mental fog and inability to focus. Depending on how you define "sick" you could say that Newark residents have been directly affected. Further, we consider the social anxiety and mistrust that has grown from this crisis as a sickness of the people. We have witnessed accounts of people justifiably fearing for their well-being as they do normally innocuous things like brushing their teeth and showering.
LZ: How much more sampling should be done to establish the magnitude of the Water Crisis?
SB: Every home in Newark should be tested, to keep residents and homeowners informed. Every physical body needs to be tested to protect people from further harm.
LZ: Any other comments?
SB: We ask that residents please document their experiences requesting assistance from the City during this crisis. If they are unable to get satisfactory results then they should contact the Newark Water Coalition, with their stories so that we can fill in the gaps.
By Dhiren Shah
NEWARK - With the City of Newark making national headlines over its lead water crisis, we conducted an interview with current State Senator and former Newark cop, Councilman, and Deputy Mayor Ron Rice to get his thoughts on the situation.
Dhiren Shah: Good afternoon Senator Rice. What is your take on the Newark Water Crisis?
Ron Rice: In 1982, I was with about 25 others on a committee who were arguing for infrastructure funding. Then we started having all these water problems and we’re hearing about Newark today. Newark is not like Michigan; it’s a little different situation. Tomorrow, we’ll probably hear about Perth Amboy if we don’t fix this stuff, or Garfield, or Paterson. We’ve got to get a group on this. We moved bills years ago to fix that, and Christie spent all the money and never cleaned it up. So, government has to be held responsible and accountable in some kind of way for making sure people are safe. That will cost money, because we’ve got to replace these pipes. This is ridiculous. This is getting beyond what’s expected from a country like this.
My greatest fear is that we still have other towns like East Orange. So far, it’s okay, but East Orange has a lot of houses. What we need to do is keep the focus on working with what Newark is going through right now, but I think other cities in New Jersey who are not having a problem right now better take a real good look and get some analysis on service lines in those cities. I had a service line put in for water pressure around 2013, and I think it cost about three or four thousand dollars. A lot of people don’t have that kind of money.
DS: The mayor announced they got a $75 million grant for 10 years. How much are they spending per house?
RR: It’s not enough. That was to help homeowners subsidize the project. To change the infrastructure and set the system up right, you’re talking hundreds of millions, federal.
DS: They got $1.2 million for filters and cartridges. Are 38,000 filters enough in your opinion?
RR: In my opinion, for now, yes only because of what I’m being told - based on what’s in the service area that the DEP and EPA is claiming is affected in the Pequannock service area. The other concern is why the filters aren’t working in some of those cases. To spend that kind of money (on filters) and to find they might not be working, we have to figure it out, because the same filters worked in Flint, which the EPA recommended to use because they do work.
Another problem is how long can you supply water bottles? You can’t get enough water to bathe with from a water bottle.
DS: What about the East Ward?
RR: I’m concerned about the East Ward. It’s in the Wanaque system and so far, the tests show that it’s okay. But you have a lot of old houses in the East Ward. Even though the water is okay, people better start replacing the service lines now, or plan to change them.
DS: Local Talk’s readers are wondering why should they trust Mayor Baraka?
RR: Because he can’t fix it by himself. They should believe he’ll fix it because the federal government is involved, the EPA, the DEP. This problem was long before (Baraka). I was on council in 1982, we didn’t have the lead problem, but we had watershed problems, with Bontempo and those guys. When Sharpe James was the mayor, he tried to optimize the water system, rather than sell it, because it doesn’t make sense to sell 35,000 acres of watershed land. That way, he could take the watershed, which was free of debt, and use those resources to upgrade and fix the Newark water stuff. Cory (Booker) came and took him to court on that, and it never happened. Cory became the mayor and took over the watershed, and we’ve had issues with infrastructure for a long time. It’s been a long, ongoing thing. Now whoever is in office at the time is going to get the blame.
DS: Mayor Baraka said the water was safe, but the reports now say it is not. Why hasn’t Baraka apologized to the people of Newark?
RR: I can’t speak for the mayor, but what I do know is that you rely on information you get and make determinations when you share that information based on other investigations. I was trying to speak on the overall problem, what we have to do now, and what we need to do moving forward, and some of the history of it, even before the mayor got there. Other cities need to look at how to replace service lines.
DS: I agree that the job needs to be done correctly. With that said, how can the citizens of Newark have faith in the people appointed to fix the water problems, as there is a belief they were hired solely because of family and/or friend connections, instead of being qualified?
RR: Unfortunately, I cannot know for sure because I’m not Deputy Mayor or on the Council right now. A lot of things happen in Newark I’m not aware of because of communications. I don’t know these employees personally, particularly those dealing with the water. I do know you need competent people in those areas.
DS: Thank you for your time in this interview.
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - The Newark Water Supply - and 10 other water departments, bureaus or commissions recently tested by the Environmental Working Group - were scored on high chromium and up to four other contaminants.
EWG, in a report released Oct. 23, found Newark Water and the nine other suppliers that served "Local Talk News" area customers it surveyed as exceeding the Washington, DC group's own standard for hexavalent chromium. hexa-chromium has been linked to cancer.
The group also detected levels of overall chromium, 4-Androstene-3,17-dione, chlorate, strontium and/or vanadium in water systems affecting 604,915 "LTN" users.
EWG derived the water sample data from the federal EPA readings going back to 2012 as part of its Tap Water Database. That national database, covering 50,000 water systems at least 10,000 customers, is updated every year.
Some of the contaminants are being compared to federal, state or EWG's own standards - if there are standards to begin with.
EWG regularly publishes its reports in an effort to add or tighten water quality standards. It argues that the EPA has not updated its thresholds in 20 years. Some states - like New Jersey's Department of Environmental Protection regarding PFOA "forever chemicals" - have set their own limits.
The following is focusing on hexavalent chromium, with data on the other contaminants found on ewg.org. (EWG had spun off a separate report on the PFOA family.)
Also please note that EWG had not differentiated water systems beyond being drawn or purchased from surface sources.
NWS, for example, supplies all of Belleville's water although that township owns its internal infrastructure except for 50 Newark customers. Bloomfield gets water from Newark and the North Jersey District Water Commission. Glen Ridge buys its water from Montclair.
Newark Water Department, with 290,139 customers, has 2.1 times the hexavalent chromium standard set by EWG. Its annual water sample average registered .0419 parts per billion against EWG's .02 ppb.
Belleville Water Department (35,129) barely exceeded EWG's hexa-chromium standard. It scored .0201 ppb against .02 ppb.
Bloomfield WD (47,135) also scored 2.1 times higher that EWG's hexa-chromium standard: .0419 bbp against .02 ppb.
East Orange Water Commission (75,000) registered .235 ppb - 12 times EWG's .02 ppb.
Glen Ridge (7,681) read 2.7 times: .0539 ppb to .02 ppb.
Montclair Water Bureau (37,669) also scored .0539 ppb against .02 ppb for 2.7 times EWG's limit.
New Jersey America Water-Little Falls/Millburn (11,247) exceeded EWG's .02 ppb threshold with a .0370 bbp reading.
Nutley WD (29,500) had a 2.4 times limit: .0470 ppb vs. .02 ppb.
Orange WD (30,134) scored a 17-times excessive rate: .334 bbp against .02.
Passaic Valley Water Commission, of Clifton-Little Falls (24,136) scored .0636 vs. .02 ppb for 3.2 times EWG's limit.
South Orange WD (16,964), at .623 ppb, registered 31 times .02- ppb.
EWG's report also notes whether the said systems have been in federal compliance or violation back to 2012 and which of three treatments - activated carbon, reverse osmosis and/or ion exchange - can remove the said contaminants.
NEWARK - Initial test results on Aug. 9, have shown that a small sample of water filters provided to the City of Newark may not be removing lead to the low levels expected by city, state and federal officials.
At this time, the City is aware of only two residences where water filters are not working as expected. Out of an abundance of caution, the City is notifying residents that three filters may not be working as expected as it continues to test filters and filtered water to assess why the water filters in those two homes were not working as expected.
Until this additional testing is completed, residents in the Pequannock area who have lead services lines are advised to run their water for five minutes before filtering for maximum protection. Initial testing results show that filters are effective in locations that ran their water. The City strongly encourages residents to run their water - which includes showering, flushing toilets and washing dishes - in order to help coat the pipes and allow the new corrosion control treatment to continue optimizing.
“If you live in the Pequannock area, have lead service lines and received a filter, the City of Newark encourages you to take one small step to ensure your filter is working effectively. Before drinking from your tap water, run the water for five minutes before filtering to maximize your filter’s effectiveness,” said Kareem Adeem, Acting Director of the Newark Department of Water & Sewer Utilities. “We encourage residents to take advantage of all the important resources the City of Newark is offering, including free blood testing for children under 6, free water testing and our Lead Service Line Replacement Program.”
Further decisions will be made about the best course of action as soon as the City receives additional testing results back.
“As part of its comprehensive efforts to help protect the people of Newark from lead in its drinking water, EPA has been working in partnership with the City of Newark and the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection to assess Newark’s new lead corrosion control treatment effectiveness,” the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) said in a statement.
“As part of this effort, EPA recently sampled and tested the water in a few locations in Newark to see if the corrosion control system is dropping the elevated lead levels that present a threat to public health. Through this recent testing, EPA discovered that the household lead filters provided to local residents of Newark by the city may not be performing as expected. Filter effectiveness is dependent on operator use, water chemistry and the level of the contaminants (e.g. lead). EPA is working diligently with the state and city to understand the cause of the levels of lead being detected after filter use.
“EPA believes that, out of an abundance of caution, residents should be advised to use bottled water for drinking and cooking until the results of the filter testing are fully understood, additional sampling is performed, and a reliable solution can be implemented. EPA has asked the city and state to immediately develop a plan to provide alternative sources of water to its residents in need and to provide guidance regarding flushing lead service drinking water lines before consumption and use. EPA will also work with the city and state to assess alternate filtration options and provide enhanced education and awareness regarding the proper use of filters.”
As has been previously reported, water testing in Newark indicated elevated levels of lead in single and multi-family homes with decades-old lead service lines or plumbing containing lead. It is the last stretch of lead service lines, on private property between the street and approximately 15,000 homes, that is changing the makeup of the water.
“Access to safe drinking water is critically important to our administrations and we take health risks associated with lead in drinking water very seriously. Recent testing by the City of Newark of water samples taken from three Newark homes, using City-issued water filters, found elevated lead levels in filtered water in two of the homes,” New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy and Newark Mayor Ras Baraka said in a joint statement.
“In coordination with the City of Newark, Mayor Baraka and I are prepared to do everything the City needs, including making bottled water available to local residents. The City of Newark is currently expanding testing of filtered drinking water to more Newark homes and, in coordination with the Department of Environmental Protection, is actively working with the filter manufacturer to determine the scope of the situation and identify required corrective action as soon as possible.”
“As we carefully evaluate our options and the data available to us, it is important to understand that the City and State will need support and assistance from the federal government if bottled water is to be provided and distributed to impacted residents.
“It is also important to understand that long-term distribution of bottled water has potential to impact the City’s new corrosion control treatment that was launched in May. Experts expect to see a reduction of lead levels by the end of this year after the corrosion control optimizes. As part of the City's initial filter testing, the engineers saw positive signs that the orthophosphate is in the distribution system, and we are optimistic that the orthophosphate will eventually provide the protective coating necessary to prevent leaching from lead pipes. But to continue these trends, residents must continue to keep city water flowing through their pipes because this is necessary to move the orthophosphate through the system and form a protective coating around the inner lining of the pipes.”
There are additional steps residents can take to reduce the risks of lead in water:
· Use filtered cold water or bottled water for cooking and preparing baby formula, as well as for consumption by pregnant women. The New Jersey Department of Health recommends that bottled water be used for infants who are being fed with formula and children under 6 years old until families who have lead service lines and plumbing that contains lead receive lead-safe water filters. It is important for residents to remember to replace their cartridge every three months or when the indicator light comes on. The City of Newark is distributing lead-safe water filters and cartridges to impacted homeowners, free-of-charge.
· Do not boil water to remove lead. Boiling water will not reduce lead.
· Look for alternative drinking water sources or bottled water. You may want to consider purchasing bottled water or picking up a free lead-safe water filter and replacement cartridges at any of the seven locations listed at www.NewarkLeadServiceLine.com.
· Test your water for lead at no cost. Call the Department of Water and Sewer Utilities at (973) 773-6303 to find out how to get your water tested for lead.
· Get your child’s blood tested. Contact the Department of Health and Community Wellness at (973) 733-5323 or your healthcare provider to find out how you can get your child tested for lead if you are concerned about lead exposure.
· Identify and replace plumbing fixtures and lead services lines containing lead. Register online to replace your residential lead service lines at https://www.NewarkLeadServiceLine.com/Register. Replacement costs will not exceed $1,000, pending available funding.
Residents in the affected service area with lead services lines who have received filters can pick up water at the following locations (proof of residency may be required):
· The City of Newark Department of Health and Wellness - 110 William Street
· Bo Porter Sports Complex - 378 Lyons Avenue
· Boylan Street Recreation Center - 916 South Orange Avenue
· Vince Lombardi Center - 201 Bloomfield Avenue
The City began distributing bottled water to residents in the affected area
Aug. 12. However, reports surfaced that residents were not being able to get timely access to the water, with reports of being told to come back later on multiple occasions.
On Aug. 13, it was discovered that the water being distributed was well beyond its “Best By” date of May 2019. Water distribution was halted, leaving many residents who came to distribution centers without answers for hours.
Residents of Newark have been outraged as to having to pay for water services that are not safe for use. With established rhetoric saying that the water was safe, but with facts and actions that have shown otherwise, many in Newark are now asking Baraka to step down.
“It is time to come out Newark! August 15th in District Court....Stand up for your children, your parents, your family & friends whom have all been deceived and told to drink and cook with contaminated water for three years,” said citizen Munirah Bomani.
“Mayor Ras Baraka has POISONED YOU and he MUST bow out and RESIGN since he is NOT CAPABLE of protecting the people that elected him into office! His actions are unforgivable! Fear him not for the Almighty God has put this note to you into my heart to say OUT LOUD! Mayor Ras Baraka RESIGN!”
For more information on reducing lead exposure around your home/building and the health effects of lead, visit the EPA’s website at www.epa.gov/lead or contact your health care provider.
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - How various stakeholders view the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's latest report on the Newark Water and Sewer Utilities lead content may be likened to how one views a half-glass of water.
The EPA report, which covers monitoring of and recording from 356 sites along Newark's water distribution system Jan. 1-June 30, showed levels of up to 52 parts per billion gallons.
That sampling includes customers served by NWS's Pequannock and Wanaque distribution mains among the city's five wards. The 270,000 city residents make up the bulk of Newark's 390,000 customers; the rest including clients in Bloomfield, Belleville, Nutley and, to a limited extent, South Orange and East Orange.
The federal agency has long set an "actionable" standard of 15 parts of lead per billion gallons for drinking water suppliers to take corrective measures. The EPA has not set a "safe" standard for lead in the water. Advocacy groups like the Natural Resources Defense Council have been calling on it to lower the actionable level to 5 ppb.
Lead - whether ingested in water, in water or in paint chips - makes its way into the bloodstream. Lead in the blood can affect the brain's learning functions, particularly of children.
The 52 ppb recording compares to the 48 ppb reading made from 246 sampling sites July 1-Dec. 31, 2018 and 18 ppb recorded Jan. 1-June 30, 2018. The sampling and monitoring have been conducted by NWS-hired CDM Smith of Edison.
Groups like the NRDC, Sierra Club-New Jersey Chapter and the Newark Water Coalition views the latest findings as part of the glass being half-empty. They place the latest findings in context of Newark registering above 15 ppb the last five semiannual testing periods.
"The latest tests of Newark's water raises a big alarm bell showing larger amounts of lead than ever before," said N.J. Sierra Club director Jeff Tittel July 9. "Our concern is that this will get worse before it gets better; warmer weather and more rain will bring more pollution in the water and that causes more lead to leach from the pipes. The Poland Spring and Brita filter solution can't work - we need a long-term fix and the money to do it."
Tittel's Brita filter remark is in reference to the city's free distribution of PUR faucet filters and pitchers to residents. Acting NWS Director Kareem Adeem, on July 8, said that 38,000 of the 40,000 units it bought from PUR has been distributed since October. That distribution was done either by residents picking up the devices from designated city offices or by NWS employees spending 27,000 hours going door-to-door.
Bloomfield, Belleville and Nutley have also since launched free faucet water filter distribution campaigns for its NWS-served residents.
That distribution was done among those NWS customers served by its Wanaque system or roughly the city's eastern half. Lead had been later detected in the Pequannock system distribution lines, mainly due to the failing effectiveness of sodium silicate added at the Pequannock Reservoir.
Newark, last spring, constructed a Pequannock treatment facility that has since induced orthophosphate as its new anti-corrosion additive since May 7. The city also began a 10-year, $75 million Lead Service Line Replacement Program with some 15,000 mostly residential customers.
The city was first alerted to above-actionable lead in water levels by way of the Newark Public School District in March 2016.
NPS discovered 15 ppb-plus readings from pipes, fittings and faucets in a majority of its 70 schools and support buildings. Aging school infrastructure and seasonal/sporadic use of some faucets were blamed for the high readings. Most of that infrastructure has been long since replaced.
NPS' flushing and replacement campaign presaged the city's above-actionable readings skid since Jan 1., 2017.
Adeem and Mayor Ras Baraka have been leading a choir who sees the EPA's July 7 report as the glass being half-full. The City of Newark's July 8 press release started with a headline calling the lead levels "slight increases."
"When we announced new upgrades to the Pequannock's corrosion control system in May, we wanted residents to understand that reported lead levels could rise in the short term - but that ultimately our engineers at CDM Smith expect them to drop in the months ahead," said Adeem. "That’s because that it takes time for the orthophosphate to optimize and recoat the inner lining of Lead Service Lines to reduce corrosion."
Attorneys from the city, NRDC and co-plaintiff Newark Education Workers' Caucus have been meanwhile meeting with former U.S. Chief Judge Jose L. Linares here in a Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Federal Court House and Justice Complex since July 9.
U.S. Judge Esther Salas had ordered all parties in NRDC, NEW Caucus v. City of Newark and the N.J. Department of Environmental Protection that Monday to enter mediation. Salas then named Linares, who headed the New Jersey District's judges, as mediator.
NRDC and NEW Caucus had sued Newark and the DEP commissioner, claiming that city and state officials had violated the EPA's Lead and Copper Rule - therefore allowing lead levels to rise. The plaintiffs had sought an injunction to have all residents, not just Wanaque system customers, receive filters - and all residents receive bottled water.
The Newark Water Coalition has invited Flint, Mich. pediatrician Dr. Mona Hanna-Attisha to speak at St. Stephen's Church, 7 Wilson Ave., 6:30-8:30 p.m. July 17. Hanna-Attisha is to recount her part in turning Flint's lead-in-water crisis around.
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - The Newark Water Supply has been receiving mixed news so far this month in its efforts to improve water quality.
NWS, as part of Newark's Department of Water and Sewer Utilities, is anticipating good news in form of a consultant's report on lead content levels among its East Ward customers. A draft of that report became public here Feb. 1.
Nutley Township, on Feb. 12, however, became the third of NWS's customer towns to find elevated haloacetic acid readings in its latest round of tests.
Newark is entering its third year of trying to lower what the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency calls "actionable levels" on lead and haloacetic acids.
NWS's respective Pequannock and Wanaque systems serve some 300,000 customers - both New Jersey's largest city plus 12 municipal customers. Those customers using eight million gallons daily include Nutley, Belleville, Bloomfield and, to a lesser degree, South Orange and the East Orange Water Commission in the "Local Talk" territory.
Nutley, on Lincoln's Birthday, released the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection's latest water quality test results. The DEP, testing on behalf of the township, found eight places along Newark-fed mains in Nutley that were above the EPA's actionable levels for haloacetic acids.
A municipality and water supplier, by law, has to notify its customers whenever the haloacetic acid content exceeds 60 parts per billion. That notice warns pregnant women and people with compromised immune systems of an increased risk of cancer may develop after consuming water with such a high level for "many years."
Haloacetic acids are formed when biological matter, like algae and fallen leaves, mix with disinfectants used to eliminate bacteria.
Nutley's readings sound familiar to its neighbors in Bloomfield and Belleville. Both townships, after registering more than 60ppb the last few months, resorted to dispensing free household faucet filters to partially combat the problem.
Bloomfield has invested $10 million last year to install an interconnection and transfer pump under West Passaic Avenue. The pump and interconnection will allow that township the flexibility to switch from Newark to the North Jersey Water District Commission system.
Nutley Mayor/Public Works Commissioner Joseph Scarpelli, Jr. said that the readings affect 500 homes in the western part of town; the rest of Nutley's 7,500 homes are served by the Passaic Valley Water Commission.
Scarpelli has directed DPW workers to flush that area's fire hydrants daily to dilute the acid.
"Flushing isn't the cure-all," said Scarpelli, "because the problem is in the water itself. It's a problem that needs to be rectified."
"It (the readings) suggest that something’s going on in the source water," added Environmental Working Group advising scientist Olga Naidenko. The EWG is a Washington, D.C.-based ecology advocacy group.
Mayor Ras Baraka, among other Newark officials, said that they too are flushing water mains while building a new Pequannock water treatment plant. That plant is to go on-line between April and July.
Newark is also aggressively combating lead buildup with a $75 million, 10-year lead service line replacement program launched last fall. It has also been supplying free water filters or pitchers to some 20,000 customers served by its Pequannock system since last year.
The Pequannock and Wanaque's comparison and contrast came into focus again with a Feb. 1 draft report by its testing consultant, CDM Smith, of Edison, to U.S. District Judge Esther Salas. Salas is presiding on a case between the city and the Natural Resources Defense Council over how Newark has been handling its lead content crisis.
The 48-page preliminary report is based on CDM Smith's sampling of water in lead service lines between Newark's mains and the homes of customers in the East Ward. The East Ward is mainly served by NWS's Wanaque Treatment Plant with the rest served by Pequannock.
The draft's findings concluded that "water quality in the Wanaque Gradient doesn't appear to be affected enough to increase lead levels in (that) gradient enough to levels seen in the Pequannock Gradient or to levels triggering a lead (actionable level) exceedance."
That Wanaque's treatment plant uses orthophosphate, which prevents lead leaching into pipes and fixtures, is seen as a key difference in the East Ward's lead readings. Officials have been working to replace sodium silicate, put into the Pequannock system - which the EPA told Newark, in 2017, has become ineffective.
NDRC was suing the city in part to have free water filters distributed in the East Ward. The group was citing intermixing of Pequannock and Wanaque water at key interconnections and during emergencies for the filter expansion.
NWS, like all other systems, have to send customer notices whenever lead content readings exceeds the EPA's 15 ppb actionable threshold.
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - So much for one Newark Water Supply reservoir system having a lead contamination problem over the other.
Attorneys representing the city at a Nov. 28 hearing here at U.S. Magistrate Judge Cathy Waldor presented documents that revealed that water from both the Pequannock and Wanaque reservoirs have been blended along the delivery system. The combined systems serve Newark's 270,000 residents plus customers in Bloomfield, Belleville, Nutley and, to a limited extent, East Orange in "Local Talk" territory.
City attorneys, among other records, presented a five page letter, dated Nov. 8, from the late Newark Water and Sewer Utilities Director Andrea Hall Adebowale to New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Water System Engineering Supervisor Joseph J. Mattie.
"It's likely that a blending zone exists at the interface between the Wanaque and Pequannock service area," wrote Adebowale to Mattie. "The blending's likely a result of occasional opening of pressure regulating valves to allow the higher gradient water to supply Wanaque during emergency events such as water main breaks and fires. It's also possible that a gate was open at the time of sampling."
This "possible blending" was detected after the city reviewed its test results "from the present going back to July 2016." It was so determined after comparing "silica, orthophosphate and alkalinity values of the two water systems."
Adebowale and Mayor Ras Baraka, since Oct. 15, had cited lead leaching into its Pequannock-fed system for the water filter and pitcher distribution and lead service line replacement programs launched that day.
Those initiatives were made after two thirds of the latest round of city-wide water samples came back above the federal Environmental Protection Agency's "actionable" level of 15 parts per billion of lead per liter. Tester CDM Smith, of Edison, found most of the 18,000 LSLs tested were above the 15 ppb lead level.
"Newark has some of the best drinking water," said Baraka at an Oct. 12 City Hall press announcement with Adebowale and Health Director Dr. Mark Wade. "The problem is that our infrastructure isn't safe. The corrosion control being used hasn't been effective in various parts of the North Ward, parts of the South Ward, the West Ward and the Central Ward; the East Ward has been unaffected."
The EPA notified Newark last year that adding sodium silicate at Pequannock's treatment plant so it could line lead pipes since 1997 has become ineffective. Corrosion and lead buildup have ensued while Newark sought an alternative plan or method.
The Pequannock system, by itself, serves the West and Central wards plus parts of the North and South wards. The Wanaque system feeds the remainder.
"If evaluated separately from the Pequannock service area," said Adebowale, "the Wanaque Gradient would've been in (lead) compliance from 2002 to the first half of 2018, with 90th percentile values from 0.0 to 11.2 (ppb/L)."
Adebowale added, however, that state and federal testers have evaluated both water systems together. The Nov. 8 letter was part of Newark's correspondence to the DEP on corrosion control treatment.
Adebowale's letter to Mattie was most likely her last, having died Nov. 8.
Baraka promoted Deputy Director Kareem Adeem as Acting Director Nov. 28. "Local Talk" has seen Adeem, prior to his promotion, fielding questions in public meetings across Newark.
The letter, however, contradicts the Oct. 12 statement that the East Ward and parts of the North and South Wards - all served by Wanaque - need not worry about the actionable lead content in their water. Getting water filters or pitchers from the city and/or having their LSLs and internal plumbing were options and not a requirement.
"The conclusions that we have are saying that the Wanaque system isn't as affected as the Pequannock," said Baraka in a later interview. "The areas we're not sure about, we're telling them to continue business as usual. If you feel like you want to get tested, get tested. In the meantime, we're going to continue our overall study to make sure what we're saying is 100 percent accurate."
The Natural Resources Defense Council, in the wake of the Wanaque-Pequannock blending, may now be saying, "I told you so." The public interest group, who took Newark to court in June over water quality issues, had asked about elevated water readings from several East Ward testing sites.
"To hand wave and say there's no problem when there're numbers above the federal threshold," said NRDC spokesman Erik Olson Nov. 30, "and when they haven't taken a recent hard look at how the corrosion control's working, is inappropriate and deeply concerning."
The above letter was part of evidence for Judge Waldor to consider Nov. 28 in the Newark Education Workers Caucus v. City of Newark and NJDEP matter.
NEWCaucus took the city and DEP to court June 28, declaring that Newark had violated the EPA's Safe Water Drinking Act and its Lead and Copper Rule. Acting DEP Commissioner Catherine R. McCabe sought a protective order against the suit, saying that she was not compelled to provide expert testimony or a list of privileged documents.
Waldor, in her Nov. 30 written ruling, said that McCabe's providing a document log would not be "burdensome" to the agency and that the commissioner had filed to show good cause for the restraining order, "because she failed to even discuss the standard for obtaining one."
The judge therefore denied McCabe's restraining order motion and directed her to set a documentary discovery schedule with NEWCaucus.
Community monitor Donna Jackson has meanwhile noticed related signs placed by two of the newer restaurants off Newark's Broad and Market streets' Four Corners Dec. 3.
The notices at Mercato Tomato Pie and Novelty Burger & Bar, as posted by Jackson on her Facebook page, read: "All of the water used in this restaurant is filtered with an industrial grade filter to eliminate contaminates, including lead."
The adjacent Mercato and Novelty restaurants are on the 210 block of Market Street and are in the East Ward.
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - City officials who are stewards of the city's water supply are now working to get rid of two contaminating substances on two fronts since Nov. 1.
Executives and technicians of Newark Water and Sewer Utilities are most likely at the Wanaque and Pequannock reservoirs' treatment and filtering facilities, while you are reading this, adjusting the chlorination levels. Disinfecting and flushing the system are included.
They are making the changes to combat haloacetic acids, also known as HAA5, which a recent round of state test samples found substantially higher than the allowed maximum. The effort is in response to the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection's Bureau of Safe Drinking Water issuing a notice of violation Nov. 1 to the state's largest city.
Eliminating HAA5 will improve the water quality of up to 500,000 of Newark water supply's customers, including the city's own 270,000 residents plus customers in the eight towns it serves. Those customer towns include Belleville, Bloomfield, Nutley and, to a lesser extent, East Orange and South Orange.
This campaign would potentially affect more people that the current Lead Service Line remediation project the utilities have been undertaking since Oct. 12.
The city, on one hand, has been giving out some 40,000 tap water faucet or water pitcher filters as an immediate response in its LSL replacement campaign.
The water and sewer utilities, with the assistance of Mayor Ras Baraka's administration and Municipal Council approval, is gearing up for a $60 million, eight-year effort to remove leaded or lead-contaminated water lines between the city's water mains and property owners' plumbing infrastructure.
An LSL replacement effort, on the other hand, is to affect some 30,000 people living in 18,406 addresses in the Central and West wards plus parts of the North and South wards.
The NJDEP bureau based its Nov. 1 violation notice based on the HAA5 readings it had made among 12 sampling sites among all five wards Oct. 3.
The state bureau is following a federal Environmental Protection Agency HAA5 maximum contaminant level of 60 parts per billion per liter.
Its Oct. 3 sampling, however, found nine of the 12 sampling sites exceeding that MCL:
- University Hospital, 16 Bergen St., in the Central Ward scored 81 ppb/L.
- The Senior House at 801 N. Sixth St., in the North Ward, registered 77 ppb/L.
- The John F. Kennedy School, 311 So. 10th St., West Ward, scored 76 ppb/L.
- 115 Clifton Ave., Central Ward, came in at 74 ppb/L.
- Essex County Parks Department Building, 115 Clifton Ave., Central Ward, tied at 74 pppb/L
- World of Liquor, Ivy Hill Plaza, 521 Irvington Ave., West Ward, also made 74 ppb/L
- RWJ Beth Israel Medical Center, 201 Lyons Ave., South Ward, drew 73 ppb/L
- Senior Citizens House, 545 Orange St., West Ward, had a 70 ppb/L reading
- Newark Health Department, 84 William St., Central Ward, had 62 ppb/L
(The LSL campaign, by contrast, has a 15 ppb/L "actionable" threshold for lead.)
HAA5 is a group of five possibly carcinogenic chemicals that are a byproduct of the water disinfection and chlorination process.
Newark Deputy Director of Water and Sewer Utilities Kareem Adeem, in a Nov. 2 published report said that Oct. 3's elevated HAA5 levels is attributed to "recent increases in organic material in source water and demands for higher chlorine dosages."
Adeem's statement meshes with Barack's statement at the recent "Men's Town Hall Meetings" on LSL that both Pequannock and Wanaque reservoirs are “open water sources.”
Open sources, as opposed to wells and aquifers, are more prone to external contaminants.
Adeem, who has usually accompanied the mayor on the town hall circuit, added that federal and state officials do not consider the elevated MCLs as constituting an "acute public health emergency."
Erik D. Olsen, of the Natural Resources Defense Council, countered that Newark has had to add more chlorine into the water to combat bacteria, like leaves falling onto the reservoirs. More chlorination, reasons the HRDC senior director, creates more HAA5.
"The answer is for the city to get its act together," concluded Olsen.
The NRDC had sued Newark and the DEP in State Superior Court-Newark over the lead content in older pipes and fixtures. Adeem, in one town hall meeting, said that the city and EPA had banned all use of lead piping and fixtures since 1986.
The NRDC, among other demands, is calling on superior court judges to have Newark distribute 10 cases of bottled water while replacing LSLs.
The City of Newark-NRDC legal confrontation has turned into a Newark-Flint, Mich. comparison and contrast in the media.
"Newark is not Flint," declared Baraka. "As in most cities, Newark's water is delivered in obsolete infrastructure - lead service lines which we don't own. Newark, like most cities with LSLs, must treat its waters so that the water prevents lead from corroding the pipes."
The EPA and DEP told Newark earlier this year that its adding sodium silicate as an anticorrosion liner, after 20 years, has lost its effectiveness.
Baraka's "not Flint" points include, "Public officials in Flint chose to switch to a different water source, to rely on a water treatment plant with known deficiencies and to discontinue corrosion control treatment."
Michigan state officials, indeed, switched Flint's water source as a cost-savings measure.
The mayor stressed that Newark is going above and beyond necessary with its LSL replacement program and filter distribution. "The city is complying with the law," he concluded.
"Newark has echoes of Flint," countered Olsen, on WNYC's "Brain Leher Show" Nov. 1. "You've got a situation where the city wasn't straight with people. When the water gets to peoples' taps, because the city's not properly treating it, lead leaches - just like in Flint."
Newark water supply's customers are meanwhile taking their own stock and are considering their own action.
Bloomfield, said Township Administrator Brain Watkins, has been traditionally buying pre-treated water from Newark.
He, Mayor Michael Venezia and the Township Council received a report on elevated HAA5 levels Aug. 15. All four samples came in at 72, 81, 83 and 87 ppb/L. The township is also in the midst of their own lead line replacement project.
"This mayor, this council, me and the engineers are very, very concerned," said Watkins Nov. 2. "We'd like to think that Newark's taking responsible action to correct the problem."
Watkins added that the township, as part of a $10 million infrastructure improvement program, is building a water pump station at the Getty gasoline station site on 227 East Passaic Ave. The pumping station, he said, will interconnect and draw from the North Jersey District Water Supply Commission's Wanaque main.
East Orange and South Orange said that they have limited their Newark water supply use since 2016.
The East Orange Water Commission spokeswoman said that its system only interconnects with Newark's supply as an emergency.
South Orange Village President Sheena Collum, on Nov. 1, said that her municipality has not used its Newark interconnection since 2016. The village has interconnected with New Jersey American Water's Livingston-East Hanover reservoir supply Jan. 1 after letting its service contract with the EOWC lapse.
Belleville, according to the DEP's Drinking Water Watch web page, has also exceeded 60 ppb/L seven times between Nov. 12, 2009 and Sept. 12. Essex Watch, on Nov. 5, asked why township officials are so far silent on the issue.
By Walter Elliott
NEWARK - "Water, water everywhere - but not a drop to drink," may well apply to some 40,000 Newark residents who learned that their water service lines feeding their 18,406 addresses since Oct. 11 have tested for higher than "actionable" lead content.
City officials, since Oct. 12, have been making available 40,000 free household faucet filters to affected residents from eight locations: the city's five recreation centers, City Hall, the Health Department and the Water and Sewers Facility.
Qualified recipients get a PUR household system with a MAXION filter, fitting washers and an instruction manual. Recipients also receive two sheets of paper, the first being a double-sided explanation of what prompted the city to take this measure.
The other sheet is a "Lead Service Line Replacement Form" for a landlord or home property owner to fill out. That form, to be returned to Newark's Water and Sewers Utilities, may qualify the said owner for lead service line replacement by the city - with a catch.
The catch is that owners who want the city to replace the lead service line can "contribute" $1,000 for timely replacement or have that work "deferred to a later phase." The $1,000, with no interest, can be paid over a 12-month period through the quarterly water bill.
That is about the concrete extent of the LSL program which the city is undertaking. The time length to replace the lead lines - which were installed between 1985 and the 1880s - will be at least a year, going by the "contribution" and "deferred" phases.
The cost, according to Newarkleadserviceline.com, is to run between $3,000-$7,000 per line. The city is pursuing "State funding" to keep the individual owner's "contribution" down to $1,000.
The City Council, responding to last June's lawsuit by the Natural Resources Defense Council, had approved in August a $75 million bond issue to replace the said lines. That replacement was to be done in 10 phases over the next eight years.
What brought Mayor Ras Baraka to call an 11 a.m. Friday press conference at City Hall on the matter was a New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Lead and Copper Rule Compliance Study's latest results released a week earlier.
The study found most of the said 18,000 lines tested had at least 15 parts of lead per billion per liter of water.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency considers 15 ppb per liter as requiring action. One line sampled in June registered 185 ppb per liter - 12 times the acceptable level.
The DEP, in its latest study, the third conducted in the last 18 months, concluded that Newark's corrosion treatment plan to combat lead in water contest is not working. That plan, using sodium silicate since 1994, had been tested every two years by the DEP into 2017.
Baraka, in the City Hall B21 Press Conference Room Friday, was joined by two pyramids of PUR filter boxes.
"The drinking water is safe; Newark has some of the best drinking water," said Baraka. "The problem is that our infrastructure isn't safe. The corrosion control being used hasn't been effective in various parts of the North Ward, parts of the South Ward, the West Ward and the Central Ward; the East Ward has been unaffected."
Lead service lines, which transfer water from city owned mains to households' internal plumbing, are in the eye of this storm. So are copper service lines that use fittings containing lead in the solder and/or fittings.
Lead, as seen in the March 2016 Newark Public Schools water emergency, can build up in pipes and fittings depending on the lines' frequency of use. Water service lines are usually owned by the property owner.
The latest development comes while the city battles the NRDC over water lead content the last two years. The NRDC, on Sept. 5, asked a Superior Court judge to have Newark supply 10 cases of bottled water - at 24 half-liter bottles a case - delivered to families at risk.
The NRDC also called upon Newark Sept. 5 to provide filters to households where there are pregnant women and/or children six years old or under. Those groups are now under Friday's filter distribution program.
The following is a summary of steps to take during the filter distribution and service line replacement:
1.) Know if your address has an affected service line.
One can look at the newarkleadserviceline.com color map. Its blue-shared area - enveloping the East Ward and parts of the North, Central and South wards may not need the additional filter.
Housing built 1986 or later should not have lead pipes or fittings since that year's ban.
One can scratch the exposed, non-painted line leading from the water meter or use a magnet. Lead pipes will turn from a dull color to a shiny silver-like hue. Magnets will not stick to lead or copper lines.
One can also call the Newark Water Department to schedule a free test.
2.) Should your service line and/or fittings have lead;
A.) Get a filter.
Filters are available from Newark City Hall, 920 Broad St., the Health and Wellness Center at 110 William; The Water and Sewers Facility at 239 Central Ave; Boylan Recreation Center, 916 South Orange Ave; Hayes Park West Recreation, 179 Boyd, St; JFK Rec Center, 211 W. Kinney St.; Vince Lombardi Center of Hope, 201 Bloomfield Ave.; St. Peter's Rec Center, 378 Lyons Ave. Check website for special extended hours.
"Local Talk" sought and received a filter within three minutes of walking into the Water and Sewers Facility, a former Dodge dealership, Oct. 17. One is directed to an office where an employee checks one's address identification on a computer database. One gets a PUR filter box, the two-sided explanatory sheet and lead service line replacement form.
The employee told "Local Talk" that one can get a free MAXION replacement filter every three months for the next year. One can run cold water through the PUR filter - provided that one flips a switch on the unit. However, according to one “Local Talk” staff who installed a filter at a relative’s home, the directions indicated that running hot water through the filter would damage it.
B.) Consider the LSL Replacement Program.
Homeowners reading this may want to see if the $1,000 "contribution," paid without interest over the next four quarterly water bills. The program will not apply if you have already replaced the line by yourself.
Tenants are to forward the form to their landlord.
By Lev D. Zilbermints
NEWARK - Two environmental groups have filed a lawsuit against the City of Newark, its officials and the Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP), alleging that the tap water in Newark is unsafe to drink due to high concentration of lead.
The lawsuit names the City of Newark; Newark Department of Water and Sewer Utilities; its Director, Andrea Hall Adebowale; Newark Mayor Ras Baraka; and Catherine McCabe, the Commissioner of New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection as defendants. Plaintiffs allege that the City of Newark, its officials and the NJDEP Commissioner have violated the Safe Drinking Water Act, a federal law that protects the public from harmful contamination in their drinking water.
The two environmental groups filing the lawsuit are the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) Inc., and the Newark Education Workers Caucus (NEW Caucus). NRDC, based in New York, was founded in 1970. It has more than 12,000 members who reside in New Jersey. Of these, 30 - plus are Newark residents. According to court documents, NRDC is an international, non-profit environmental organization. It engages in research, advocacy and litigation to protect public health and reduce the exposure of all communities to toxic substances.
Newark Education Workers Caucus (NEW Caucus), according to court documents, is an association of educators who teach in Newark public schools. Some members of NEW Caucus live in Newark. The mission of NEW Caucus, according to the lawsuit, is to unify Newark educators in support of social justice initiatives in Newark, both for educators as well as for their students and students' families.
At a press conference held at Paradise Baptist Church on June 26, both NEW Caucus and NRDC presented their case to the media and the public. Speakers noted that Newark failed to comply with Open Public Records Act (OPRA) requests regarding water contamination. Court records show that on April 24, 2018, NRDC and NEW Caucus served Newark a 60-day notice of intent to sue the city and the State of New Jersey for violating the Safe Drinking Water Act. At the same time, the city was sued in court for failing to comply with the New Jersey Open Public Records Act.
On June 22, 2018, the Superior Court of New Jersey in Newark ruled that Newark had violated OPRA by failing to comply with OPRA's statutory timelines and other provisions. The court ordered Newark and its city clerk, Kenneth Louis, to release records requested by the NRDC within 20 days, and to pay attorneys' fees and litigation costs.
Dangerous levels of contamination - Effects of lead on children and adults
According to the NRDC fact sheet, 10 percent of water samples collected by the city in 2017 showed lead levels above 26 parts per billion. Court papers state that the "lead action level", or critical point, is 15 parts per billion. Federal law states that the water system has to take additional steps to protect its customers against lead exposure.
The fact sheet goes on to say that "about 20 percent of the city's samples showed lead levels above the 15 parts per billion level - with some samples coming in at three, even nine times higher."
According to the NRDC, "Newark has had the greatest number of lead-poisoned children in New Jersey for years." Lead exposure has serious and irreversible health impacts such as fertility problems, nervous system damage, cognitive dysfunction, and other problems. The lawsuit states that poorer academic performance, Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder, developmental delays are effects of lead on young children. Pregnant women and children are especially vulnerable, NRDC said in its fact sheet. In adults, exposure to lead can cause nerve disorders, decreased kidney function, reproductive problems, gastrointestinal damage, muscle and joint pain, memory and concentration problems and high blood pressure.
NRDC urges residents to get their water tested by calling 973-733-6303 or emailing email@example.com.
Al Moussab, president of NEW Caucus, told Local Talk, "I think that the city administration needs to do more to ensure that residents have safe drinking water. One of the claims in the lawsuit is how they are sampling the water."
During the June 26 press conference held at Paradise Baptist Church in Newark, Moussab told the assembled press and public that his organization joined the lawsuit in order to force the city to provide lead free water to its residents.
"Access to safe water should be a basic right for everyone. However, for many working class people it is not. By joining this lawsuit, we hope to hold the city and state governments accountable for providing safe drinking water to every home and school in Newark,” Moussab said.
Chris Canik, a teacher at Central High School, said that boiling water does not remove lead. Instead, lead becomes more concentrated after boiling. The only way to remove lead is "specific filters that remove lead. Not all (Newark residents) can afford filters,” Canik said.
According to Canik, Central High School has filters installed at water sources.
Non-Compliance with Federal Law
According to the lawsuit filed by NRDC and NEW Caucus, in 2017-2018 the NJDEP issued two notices of non-compliance to Newark under the Lead and Copper Rule. Court records show that between July and December 2017, Newark again exceeded the 15 parts per billion federal action level for lead in drinking water. Since Jan. 1, 2018, over 10 percent of samples taken have exceeded the 15 parts per billion, and a sample from one Newark residence contained levels as high as 182 parts per billion, court papers stated.
The lawsuit states that "over the course of the last three six-month monitoring periods, Newark has obscured the severity of its lead problem by filling its 100-sample quota with sites that are less likely to show elevated lead levels. This ongoing dilution of sampling results with lower priority sites that are less likely to have elevated lead levels suggests that the City has routinely underestimated its lead levels and will continue to do so in the future."
In 2017, Newark had 131 Tier I polling sites within its sampling pool, court records show. Of these, samples were collected from only 40 sites. And during the second six-month monitoring period of 2017, Newark collected samples from 88 Tier I sites.
A map presented at the press conference showed that large parts of East and Central Ward in Newark had no sampling done. West Ward had the most problems with drinking water.
Newark Submits A Rebuttal of Statements in the Lawsuit
Andrea Adebowale, Newark Director of Water and Sewer Utilities, issued the following statement to the public and the press on June 26:
“The lawsuit filed by the Natural Resources Defense Council is based on the premise that Newark residents are exposed to dangerous levels of lead in the City’s drinking water. That charge is absolutely and outrageously false. The truth is that the water supplied by the city is pure, safe and fully complies with federal and state regulations. The NRDC has seriously mischaracterized the facts.
“They cite the high levels of lead found in the water in Newark schools. It has been incontrovertibly established that the lead in the schools’ water was introduced by pipes and fixtures within the schools and that there was no lead contamination introduced by water from the City’s mains. I am baffled as to why the NRDC makes the innuendo that the Newark water system was responsible for the problem in the schools.
“The City’s water is not contaminated with lead. The NRDC makes a false comparison with Flint, Michigan. Although the City received a violation for Lead Level Exceedance, we have been compliant with state and federal rules regarding dealing with such violations and have met all the required milestones. The City has sent out public notification and public education materials and will continue to do so.
“In Newark, the City owns the water mains, but doesn’t own the service lines that connect the water supply to homes. Any lead in the drinking water stems from the privately owned lead service lines, not the water we deliver. The service lines are the responsibility of homeowners. The City has obtained funding from the State and is already implementing a plan to help property owners replace all of the approximately 15,000 lead service lines in the city at an estimated cost of $60 million.
“Our sampling revealed that the water in some homes with lead service lines exceeded the action level. This is the result of the fact that some homes built before 1986 may contain lead service lines. The average for water samples taken from January to June of last year from these homes was 27 parts per billion.
“The City has launched the Lead Service Line Replacement Program. It is a 10-phase program with the first phase already in operation. In May, 3000 residents received letters asking if they want to participate in Phase One of the program. There is a nominal cost to the homeowner, 10% of replacement costs up to a maximum of $1,000. Additionally, the City is conducting a corrosion study and continued sampling.
“The City received several OPRA requests from NRDC, beginning in early Fall of 2017. They allege that the City and State are not complying. However, we were able to provide most of the information. Any information that we were unable to provide was never in our possession.
“Contrary to the allegations of the NRDC, Newark has conducted a corrosion control study in 1994 and consequently implemented a corrosion control program to minimize the leaching of lead from service lines. We sell water from our system to other municipalities, including Pequannock Township, Bloomfield, Nutley, Belleville, Elizabeth, and Wayne. If our source water was contaminated, we would not be allowed to sell our water to them.
“Unfortunately, when City took over operation of its Water Treatment Plant in June 2013 from the bankrupt Watershed Conservation and Development Corporation, very few records were turned over to us. Some of the information requested by NRDC about corrosion control was maintained by the previous operators and was not given to the City when we took over. NRDC has requested reports that we simply do not have. We advised them that at the time that we did not have the information. All information in our possession has either already been provided to NRDC or has been made available for review and inspection at City Hall, yet they sue us for documents that we simply do not have and have been unable to obtain.
“Contrary to the allegations of the NRDC, the City has conducted an extensive public information campaign to inform residents of the lead service line problem. We have sent mailings to property owners, held public meetings, broadcast public information announcements on our municipal cable channel, held telephone and Facebook live town halls, issued news releases, published and distributed brochures and created a website devoted to this issue. This is a continuing effort to inform property owners and residents.
“The Bottom line: Our water is safe. It is our goal to be transparent and keep our residents informed every step of the way. Again, we reiterate that Newark’s water meets all federal and state standards and that this issue is confined to a limited number of homes with lead service lines. We have completed an inventory of lead service lines and are providing free lead testing for any homeowner who suspects that their service line might be made of lead.”
Contact the City of Newark for more information on Newark lead service lines and how to replace them.